NCEAS Project 10626

Evolutionary and ecological sorting in space

  • Mark C. Urban
  • Mathew A. Leibold

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group20th—25th March 2006Participant List  
Working Group23rd—28th October 2006Participant List  
Working Group4th—8th May 2007Participant List  
Working Group4th—11th January 2008Participant List  

Members Only Area

Abstract
The last fifteen years have witnessed an increasing realization that ecological dynamics operating at coarse spatial scales have important ecological consequences. One of the more exciting ideas that has ensued is the "metacommunity" (Figure 1), a concept that has contributed significant insights about population, community and ecosystems ecology (see Leibold et al. 2004 for a recent review, Holyoak et al. 2005 for the scope of this idea). To date, however, the metacommunity concept has been evaluated in a purely ecological context. Nevertheless, close parallels and obvious interrelations exist between ecological and evolutionary dynamics at multiple spatial scales (McPeek and Gomulkiewicz 2005). Mounting evidence suggests that evolutionary dynamics can occur on time scales similar to those involving ecological dynamics (Cousyn et al. 2001, Kinnison and Hendry 2001, Grant and Grant 2002, Yoshida et al. 2003). If so, metacommunity and evolutionary dynamics may interact strongly. Yet, we are only now beginning to understand this interaction. While metacommunity ecology will continue to contribute interesting insights about a diverse array of ecological phenomena, we foresee that these insights will soon be constrained by our limited knowledge about how ecological and evolutionary processes interact in metacommunities. We seek to bring together scientists from diverse backgrounds to synthesize current knowledge and generate new understanding about evolutionary and metacommunity dynamics. We intend to 1) develop and refine an evolving metacommunity framework, 2) explore the potential for emergent dynamics by incorporating evolution into existing metacommunity models; 3) evaluate how multi-species interactions impact community evolution and dynamics; and 4) develop tools to test and apply the theory. The proposed synthesis of evolutionary and metacommunity theory promises to improve our understanding of species coexistence and provide strategies for preserving biodiversity and controlling rapidly evolving pests and pathogens.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Cavender-Bares, Jeannine M.; Keen, Adrienne; Miles, Brianna. 2006. Phylogenetic structure of floridian plant communities depends on taxonomic and spatial scale. Ecology. Vol: 87(7). Pages S109-S122.
Presentations De Meester, Luc. 2007. Evolution and our understanding of the ecology of aquatic systems. SEFS-5 Symposium, 8-13 July 2007. Palemo, Italy.
Presentations De Meester, Luc. 2007. The interface between evolution and ecology: Genetic diversity matters. 30th SIL Conference, 12-18 August 2007. Montreal, Canada.
Presentations De Meester, Luc. 2008. Evolutionary dynamics in a metacommunity context. Lecture, 9 December 2008. Munchen, Germany.
Presentations De Meester, Luc. 2008. The impact of evolution in a metacommunity context. Which Life, 22 January 2008. Namur, Belgium.
Presentations Duvivier, Cathy; Van Doorslaer, Wendy; De Meester, Luc. 2008. Testing the feedback of evolution on ecology in zooplankton communities. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Presentations Forde, Samantha; Thompson, John N.; Holt, Robert D.; Bohannan, Brendan J.M. 2008. Dynamic patterns of fitness and diversity of coevolving hosts and parasitoids within a metacommunity. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Journal Article Gilman, Sarah; Urban, Mark C.; Tewksbury, Joshua; Gilchrist, George W.; Holt, Robert D. 2010. A framework for community interactions under climate change. Vol: 25(6). Pages 325-331.
Presentations Gomulkiewicz, Richard; Hochberg, Michael E.; Nuismer, Scott. 2008. Fundamental changes in metacommunity dynamic through evolution. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Journal Article Klausmeier, Christopher. 2008. Floquet theory: A useful tool for understanding nonequilibrium dynamics. Theoretical Ecology. Vol: 1. Pages 153-161.
Journal Article Leibold, Mathew A.; Economo, Evan P.; Peres-Neto, Pedro. 2010. Metacommunity phylogenetics: Separating the roles of environmental filters and historical biogeography. Ecology Letters. Vol: 13(10). Pages 1290-1299.
Presentations Loeuille, Nicolas; Amarasekare, Priyanga; de Mazancourt, Claire. 2008. Evolution of specialization in (meta)communities. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Presentations McPeek, Mark A. 2008. Evolution by neutral and niche-based ecological processes in simulated and real metacommunities. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Journal Article Mouquet, Nicolas; Devictor, Vincent; Meynard, Christine N.; Munoz, Francois; Bersier, Louis-Félix; Chave, Jérôme; Couteron, Pierre; Dalecky, Ambroise; Fontaine, Colin; Gravel, Dominique; Hardy, Olivier J.; Jabot, Franck; Lavergne, Sébastien; Leibold, Mathew A.; Mouillot, David; Münkemüller, Tamara; Pavoine, Sandrine; Prinzing, Andreas; Rodrigues, Ana S. L.; Rohr, Rudolf P.; Thébault, Elisa; Thuiller, Wilfried. 2012. Ecophylogenetics: Advances and perspectives. Biological Reviews. Vol: 87. Pages 769-785. (Online version)
Journal Article Norberg, Jon; Urban, Mark C.; Vellend, Mark; Klausmeier, Christopher; Loeuille, Nicolas. 2012. Eco-evolutionary responses of biodiversity to climate change. Nature Climate Change. (Online version)
Presentations Pantel, Jelena; Peres-Neto, Pedro; Leibold, Mathew A. 2008. Qualifying the interaction between microevolution and metacommunities. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Data Set Urban, Mark C. 2007. Lizards in Baja California. (Abstract) (Online version)
Journal Article Urban, Mark C.; Leibold, Mathew A.; Amarasekare, Priyanga; De Meester, Luc; Gomulkiewicz, Richard; Hochberg, Michael E.; Klausmeier, Christopher; Loeuille, Nicolas; de Mazancourt, Claire; Norberg, Jon; Pantel, Jelena; Strauss, Sharon; Vellend, Mark; Wade, Michael. 2008. The evolutionary ecology of metacommunities. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Vol: 23(6). Pages 311-317.
Presentations Urban, Mark C.; De Meester, Luc; Leibold, Mathew A.; Loeuille, Nicolas. 2008. The metacommunity monopolization effect: Priority effects and evolution shape community assembly. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.
Presentations Urban, Mark C. 2009. A very complex adaptive system: The evolutionary ecology of metacommunities. Lecture, 16 January 2009. Riverside.
Journal Article Urban, Mark C.; De Meester, Luc. 2009. Community monopolization: Local adaptation enhances priority effects in an evolving metacommunity. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. Vol: 276 (1676). Pages 4129-4138.
Presentations Vellend, Mark; Norberg, Jon; Klausmeier, Christopher; Urban, Mark C.; Loeuille, Nicolas. 2008. Relative roles of species sorting and evolution for determining biodiversity under climate change. The Evolutionary Ecology of Metacommunities, 2008.