NCEAS Project 12055

Using phylogenetic information to predict the relative importance of equalizing versus stabilizing mechanisms on species coexistence

  • Marc W. Cadotte

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Postdoctoral Fellow15th June 2007—14th June 2009Participant List  

Abstract
Understanding species coexistence is crucial to understanding the processes that structure communities. Niche mechanisms that promote coexistence result from trait differences that reduce niche overlap and thus reduce competitive interactions allowing stable coexistence. The relative importance of niche differentiation versus neutral mechanisms for driving community patterns is hotly debated in ecology. It is likely that in natural communities, coexistence mechanisms include both processes, which are determined by how similar or different two species are to one another. The degree of differentiation, or perhaps evolutionary distance, may be a surrogate to understand which species can coexist and under what mechanism. In this research project I will be analyzing published competition experiments to see if phylogenetic relatedness can predict which species are able to coexist and the mechanism of coexistence.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Cadotte, Marc W. 2007. Concurrent niche and neutral processes in the competition-colonization model of species coexistence. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. Vol: 274. Pages 2739-2744.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2007. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence.
Journal Article Cadotte, Marc W.; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Oakley, Todd H. 2008. Evolutionary history and the effect of biodiversity on plant productivity. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Vol: 105(44). Pages 17012-17017.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. Phylogenetic diversity and ecosystem productivity. American Ecological Society, 2008. San Jose.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. The Competition-colonization Tradeoff and Scale Dependent Coexistence. University of Georgia.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. Ecology, Behavior and Evolution, 2008. San Diego.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. University of North Carolina.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. The Competition-colonization Tradeoff and Scale Dependent Coexistence. Yale University. New Haven.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. The Competition-colonization Tradeoff and Scale Dependent Coexistence. University of Toronto Scarborough. Toronto.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and scale dependent coexistence. The Competition-colonization Tradeoff and Scale Dependent Coexistence. University of California, Los Angeles. Los Angeles.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. The competition-colonization tradeoff and species coexistence. Metacommunity Symposium, 2008. University of Fribourg. Switzerland.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. Understanding diversity: Extending spatial and temporal mechanisms of coexistence. Understanding Diversity: Extending Spatial and Temporal Mechanisms of Coexistence. Canada.
Presentations Cadotte, Marc W. 2008. Understanding spatial mechanisms of species diversity. Metacommunity Symposium, 2008. Switzerland.
Journal Article Cadotte, Marc W.; Hamilton, Michael; Murray, Brad R. 2009. Phylogenetic relatedness and plant invader success across two spatial scales. Diversity and Distributions. Vol: 15. Pages 481-488.
Journal Article Cadotte, Marc W.; Davies, T. Jonathan; Regetz, Jim; Kembel, Steven W.; Cleland, Elsa E.; Oakley, Todd H. 2010. Phylogenetic diversity metrics for ecological communities: Integrating species richness, abundance and evolutionary history. Ecology Letters. Vol: 13. Pages 96-105.
Journal Article Cadotte, Marc W.; Strauss, Sharon. 2011. Phylogenetic patterns of colonization and extinction in experimentally assembled plant communities. PLoS ONE. Vol: 6(5). Pages e19363-e19363.
Journal Article Connolly, John; Cadotte, Marc W.; Brophy, Caroline; Dooley, Aine; Finn, John; Kirwan, Laura; Roscher, Christiane; Weigelt, Alexandra. 2011. Phylogenetically diverse grasslands are associated with pairwise interspecific processes that increase biomass. Ecology. Vol: 92(7). Pages 1385-1392.