NCEAS Project 12463

Supporting decision making in the Coral Triangle Initiative: Prioritizing socially and economically viable projects and places for biodiversity conservation (EBM)

  • Hugh P. Possingham
  • Carissa J. Klein

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group8th—10th December 2009Participant List  
Working Group5th—10th September 2010Participant List  
Working Group10th—13th May 2011Participant List  

The coral reefs of the Coral Triangle provide sanctuary for the highest concentration of marine biodiversity in the world and support the livelihoods and protein needs of millions of people. The health and productivity of these reefs are in serious decline from numerous threats, ranging from local threats such as over fishing and pollution, to the global threat of climate change. Local threats reduce the resilience of coral reefs to withstand global impacts from climate change, resulting in deterioration of reef structure and the ability of these ecosystems to sustain their ecological interactions. We will assemble data from disparate sources to develop a framework for prioritizing between places and among specific conservation actions that cost-effectively mitigate proximate land- and sea-based threats to coral reefs and apply it to regions within the Coral Triangle. With the overall goal of supporting decision making, we will work in close collaboration with local managers and policy makers to synthesize this data and develop a framework that is capable of considering complex ecological, social, and economic dynamics relevant to the region. We will demonstrate its utility at local and regional scales and under different social and economic management constraints within the Coral Triangle. Typically, management decisions on the land and sea are made independently, without fully considering how terrestrial land-uses impact marine biodiversity. Our work is novel as it is the first example of using economic theory to balance decisions between land and sea-based management actions. This information will help guide decision makers in determining where, when, and how money would be spent efficiently to protect coral reefs, sustain protein needs, and foster livelihoods of millions, in the face of a changing climate.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Klein, Carissa J.; Ban, Nathalie C.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Beger, Maria; Game, Edward; Grantham, Hedley; Green, Alison; Klein, Travis J.; Kininmonth, Stuart; Treml, Eric; Wilson, Kerrie; Possingham, Hugh P. 2010. Prioritizing land and sea conservation investments to protect coral reefs. PLoS ONE. Vol: 5(8). Pages e12431.
Presentations Klein, Carissa J. 2010. Prioritizing land and sea investments to protect Coral Triangle reefs. Association for Tropical Biology and Conservation, July 2010. Indonesia.
Presentations Klein, Carissa J. 2011. Prioritizing land and sea investments to protect Coral Triangle reefs. International Marine Conservation Congress, May 2011. Canada.
Journal Article Klein, Carissa J.; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Selig, Elizabeth R.; Watts, Matthew E.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Kamal, Muhammad; Roelfsema, Chris; Possingham, Hugh P. 2012. Forest conservation delivers highly variable coral reef conservation outcomes. Ecological Applications. Vol: 22. Pages 1246-1256. (Online version)
Presentations Klein, Carissa J. 2012. Forest conservation delivers highly variable outcomes for coral reef conservation. International Coral Reef Society, Cairns, Australia, July 2012.
Journal Article Klein, Carissa J.; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Watts, Matthew E.; Possingham, Hugh P. 2014. Evaluating the influence of candidate terrestrial protected areas on coral reef condition in Fiji. Marine Policy. Vol: 44. Pages 360-365. (Online version)
Journal Article Makino, Azusa; Klein, Carissa J.; Beger, Maria; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Possingham, Hugh P. 2013. Incorporating conservation zone effectiveness for protecting biodiversity in marine planning. PLoS ONE. Vol: 8(11). Pages e78986-e78986. (Online version)
Journal Article Makino, Azusa; Beger, Maria; Klein, Carissa J.; Jupiter, Stacy D.; Possingham, Hugh P. 2013. Integrated planning for land–sea ecosystem connectivity to protect coral reefs. Biological Conservation. Vol: 165. Pages 35-42. (Online version)