NCEAS Project 12560

Biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystems: Translating results from model experiments into functional reality

  • Bradley J. Cardinale
  • J. Emmett Duffy
  • Dave U. Hooper

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group9th—13th August 2010Participant List  
Working Group21st—25th March 2011Participant List  
Working Group10th—14th October 2011Participant List  

Abstract
We propose a working group that will advance recent efforts to synthesize one of the fastest growing fields of ecology ‐ Biodiversity and Ecosystem Functioning. Over the past two decades, more than 200 experiments have examined how the diversity of bacteria, fungi, plants and animals influence important ecosystem processes in habitats throughout the world. Though diversity effects have by no means been universal, recent summaries have revealed considerable generality in how the number of genes, species, and functional groups of organisms impacts the efficiency by which communities process the energy and matter that define how ecosystems ‘function’. These results suggest that modern biodiversity loss may have substantial impacts on the services that ecosystems provide to humanity. But the research remains controversial, in part, because results of often highly simplistic experiments have yet to be translated into meaningful predictions about how biodiversity loss will impact ecological processes in realistic systems at appropriate scales. We will overcome such limitations by accomplishing three goals at this frontier between academic and applied ecology: (1) We will develop quantitative scaling relationships that allow conversion of the results of small‐scale, short‐term experiments into predictions about the fraction of species required to optimize biological processes in more natural ecosystems. (2) We will characterize how biodiversity simultaneously impacts the suite of ecosystem processes that have been measured in past experiments to identify trade‐offs and potential synergisms, and to provide guidance on optimizing the ‘multi‐functionality’ of diverse systems. (3) We will evaluate how the impacts of biodiversity on key ecological processes (e.g., biomass production) can be translated into ecosystem ‘services’ (e.g., CO2 uptake and storage) that can be used to aid decisions in conservation and management.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Balvanera, Patricia; Siddique, Ilyas; Dee, Laura; Paquette, Alain; Isbell, Forest; Gonzalez, Andrew; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; O'Connor, Mary I.; Hungate, Bruce A.; Griffin, John N. 2013. Linking biodiversity and ecosystem services: Current uncertainties and the necessary next steps. BioScience.
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J. 2011. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Iowa State University. Ames, Iowa.
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J. 2011. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning . Wayne State University.
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J. 2011. Biodiversity and the functioning of ecosystems: The evolution of, and vision for, a paradigm. Cooperative Institute for Liminology and Ecosystems Research . Michigan .
Journal Article Cardinale, Bradley J.; Matulich, Kristin L.; Hooper, Dave U.; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Duffy, J. Emmett; Gamfeldt, Lars; Balvanera, Patricia; O'Connor, Mary I.; Gonzalez, Andrew. 2011. The functional role of producer diversity in ecosystems. American Journal of Botany. Vol: 98(3). Pages 572-592. (Online version)
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J. 2012. Biodiversity and ecosystem functioning. Kellogg Biological Station seminar series, Michigan State University, 2012.
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J. 2012. Biodiversity, extinction, and their impacts on humanity. Planet under Pressure Conference, London, UK, March 2012. London, UK.
Journal Article Cardinale, Bradley J.; Duffy, J. Emmett; Gonzalez, Andrew; Hooper, Dave U.; Perrings, Charles; Venail, Patrick A.; Narwani, Anita; Mace, Georgina; Tilman, David; Wardle, David A.; Kinzig, Ann P.; Daily, Gretchen; Loreau, Michel; Grace, James B.; Larigauderie, Anne; Srivastava, Diane S.; Naeem, Shahid. 2012. Biodiversity loss and its impact on humanity. Nature. Vol: 486. Pages 59-67. (Online version)
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J.; Venail, Patrick A.; Narwani, Anita. 2012. What is biodiversity's role in providing ecosystem goods and services? A data synthesis. Ecological Society of America Annual Conference, Portland, OR, August 2012. Portland, OR.
Presentations Cardinale, Bradley J. 2012. Will species extinction alter the function of Earth's freshwater ecosystems? . Planet under Pressure Conference. London, UK.
Journal Article Cardinale, Bradley J.; Gross, Kevin; Fritschie, K.; Flombaum, Pedro; Fox, Jeremy W.; Rixen, Christian; van Ruijven, J.; Reich, Peter B.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M.; Wilsey, Brian J. 2013. Biodiversity simultaneously enhances the production and stability of community biomass, but the effects are independent. Ecology. Vol: 94(8). Pages 1397-1707.
Presentations Duffy, J. Emmett; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Hooper, Dave U.; Adair, Elizabeth C.; Balvanera, Patricia; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Gamfeldt, Lars; Gonzalez, Andrew; Hector, Andrew; Hungate, Bruce A.; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Matulich, Kristin L.; O'Connor, Mary I.; Piotto, Daniel. 2011. The role of biodiversity in ecosystem functioning: Translating results from model experiments into functional reality. World Conference on Marine Biodiversity. Aberdeen, Scotland.
Presentations Duffy, J. Emmett; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Hooper, Dave U. 2011. The role of biodiversity in ecosystem functioning: Translating results from model experiments into functional reality. World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen, Scotland, September 2011. Aberdeen, Scotland.
Presentations Gamfeldt, Lars; Duffy, J. Emmett; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; O'Connor, Mary I.; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Matulich, Kristin L.; Cardinale, Bradley J. 2011. Marine species richness and ecosystem functioning – a meta-analysis. World Conference on Marine Biodiversity, Aberdeen, Scotland, September 2011. Aberdeen, Scotland.
Presentations Gamfeldt, Lars; Duffy, J. Emmett; Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; O'Connor, Mary I.; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Matulich, Kristin L.; Cardinale, Bradley J. 2011. Marine species richness and ecosystem functioning - A meta-analysis. World Conference on Marine Biodiversity. Aberdeen, Scotland.
Presentations Gonzalez, Andrew. 2012. Biodiversity loss is real and it matters. World Wide Views on Biodiversity, Montreal, Quebec, September 2012. Montreal, Quebec.
Presentations Gonzalez, Andrew. 2012. Biodiversity science for global environmental change. Biodiversity Summit, Muskoka, Ontario, June 2012. Muskoka, Ontario.
Data Set Griffin, John N. 2013. Data set for Griffen et al. 2013 Effects of predator richness on prey Suppression: A meta-analysis. (Online version)
Journal Article Griffin, John N.; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Cardinale, Bradley J. In press. Effects of predator richness on prey suppression: A meta-analysis. Ecology. Pages 1-25. (Online version)
Journal Article Gross, Kevin; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Fox, Jeremy W.; Rixen, Christian; van Ruijven, J.; Reich, Peter B.; Scherer-Lorenzen, M.; Wilsey, Brian J. In press. Species richness and the temporal stability of biomass production: An analysis of recent biodiversity experiments. American Naturalist.
Presentations Hooper, Dave U.; Adair, Elizabeth C.; Gamfeldt, Lars; Gonzalez, Andrew; Hungate, Bruce A.; O'Connor, Mary I.; Cardinale, Bradley J. 2011. Do the effects of species richness on ecosystem function rival other forms of environmental change? . Ecological Society of America 96th annual conference, Austin, TX, August 2011. Austin, Texas.
Journal Article Hooper, Dave U.; Adair, Elizabeth C.; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Hungate, Bruce A.; Matulich, Kristin L.; Gonzalez, Andrew; Duffy, J. Emmett; Gamfeldt, Lars; O'Connor, Mary I. 2012. A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change. Nature. Vol: 486. Pages 105-108. (Online version)
Data Set Hooper, Dave U. 2012. Data and analyses for Hooper et al. (2012) Nature, "A global synthesis reveals biodiversity loss as a major driver of ecosystem change", DOI: 10.1038/nature11118. (Online version)
Presentations Lefcheck, Jonathan S.; Gamfeldt, Lars; Byrnes, Jarrett E.; Griffin, John N.; O'Connor, Mary I.; Cardinale, Bradley J.; Duffy, J. Emmett. 2012. Biodiversity effects on provision of multiple ecosystem functions in marine systems: A meta-analysis. 41st Benthic Ecology Meeting, Norfolk, VA, March 2012. Norfolk, VA.