NCEAS Project 2080

Developing the theory of marine reserves

  • Jane Lubchenco
  • Steven D. Gaines
  • Stephen R. Palumbi

Center Associate: Deborah McArdle
Funding for the support of the Center Associate for the Marine Reserves Working Group is provided by Sea Grant





ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group18th—22nd May 1998Participant List  
Postdoctoral Fellow1st July 1998—30th June 1999Participant List  
Working Group10th—11th October 1998Participant List  
Working Group8th—10th November 1998Participant List  
Working Group3rd—6th February 1999Participant List  
Working Group19th—22nd March 1999Participant List  
Working Group23rd—24th March 1999Participant List  
Visitor6th—10th April 1999Participant List  
Working Group13th—15th May 1999Participant List  
Working Group16th—20th May 1999Participant List  
Graduate Student1st July 1999—31st March 2000Participant List  
Working Group5th—6th August 1999Participant List  
Working Group30th November—4th December 1999Participant List  

Members Only Area

Abstract
We are requesting funds to support an NCEAS working group that will focus on the development of a theoretical basis for the design and establishment of marine reserves. Although there has been an increase in the number of marine reserves designated to manage marine resources, there has not been a concomitant increase in our understanding of marine reserve theory. As a result, reserve designs have often relied heavily on theory formulated for terrestrial ecosystems or on no theory at all. Recent research on open ecosystems suggests that marine reserves designed using these principles are likely to be ineffective at protecting marine communities over the long term. This fact, along with constantly increasing human pressure on marine ecosystems, indicates that a theory of reserve design specific to marine ecosystems is urgently needed. A multidisciplinary working group organized through NCEAS has the potential to make a significant contribution to our current understanding of marine reserves.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Airame, Satie; Dugan, Jenifer E.; Lafferty, Kevin D.; Leslie, Heather M.; McArdle, Deborah; Warner, Robert R. 2003. Applying ecological criteria to marine reserve design: A case study from the California Channel Islands. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S170-S184.
Journal Article Allison, Gary; Gaines, Steven D.; Lubchenco, Jane; Possingham, Hugh P. 2003. Ensuring persistence of marine reserves: Catastrophes require adopting an insurance factor. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S8-S24.
Journal Article Botsford, Louis W.; Morgan, Lance; Lockwood, Dale; Wilen, James. 1999. Marine reserves and management of the northern California red sea urchin fishery. CalCOFI Reports. Vol: 40. Pages 87-93.
Journal Article Botsford, Louis W.; Hastings, Alan; Gaines, Steven D. 2001. Dependence of sustainability on the configuration of marine reserves and larval dispersal distance. Ecology Letters. Vol: 4(2). Pages 144-150.
Journal Article Botsford, Louis W.; Micheli, Fiorenza; Hastings, Alan. 2003. Principles for the design of marine reserves. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S25-S31.
Journal Article Carr, Mark H.; Neigel, Joseph E.; Estes, James A.; Andelman, Sandy J.; Warner, Robert R.; Largier, John L. 2003. Comparing marine and terrestrial ecosystems: Implications for the design of coastal marine reserves. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S90-S107.
Journal Article Gaines, Steven D.; Gaylord, Brian P.; Largier, John L. 2003. Avoiding current oversights in marine reserve design. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S32-S46.
Journal Article Gerber, Leah R. 2001. Review: Conservation biology of Cetaceans in marine communities of Baja California: Science or advocacy?. Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol: 10(3). Pages 335-336.
Journal Article Gerber, Leah R.; Kareiva, Peter; Bascompte, Jordi. 2002. The influence of life history attributes and fishing pressure on the efficacy of marine reserves. Biological Conservation. Vol: 106. Pages 11-18.
Presentations Gerber, Leah R. 2003. Building on Beverton's legacy: Life history variation and fisheries management. Symposium at American Fisheries Society Meeting. Quebec City, QC.
Journal Article Gerber, Leah R.; Botsford, Louis W.; Hastings, Alan; Possingham, Hugh P.; Gaines, Steven D.; Palumbi, Stephen R.; Andelman, Sandy J. 2003. Population models for marine reserve design: A retrospective and prospective synthesis. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S47-S64.
Book Chapter Gerber, Leah R. 2004. Biological uncertainty and extinction risk for Steller sea lions (Eumetopias jubatus). Edited by Akcakaya, R.A. Developing Models for Conservation and Management Using RAMAS GIS. Island Press. Washington, DC.
Journal Article Grantham, Brian; Eckert, Ginny; Shanks, Alan L. 2003. Dispersal potential of marine invertebrates in diverse habitats. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S108-S116.
Journal Article Halpern, Benjamin S.; Warner, Robert R. 2002. Marine reserves have rapid and lasting effects. Ecology Letters. Vol: 5. Pages 361-366.
Journal Article Halpern, Benjamin S. 2003. The impact of marine reserves: Do reserves work and does reserve size matter?. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S117-S137.
Journal Article Hastings, Alan; Botsford, Louis W. 1999. Equivalence in yield from marine reserves and traditional fisheries management. Science. Vol: 284. Pages 1537-1538.
Journal Article Hastings, Alan; Botsford, Louis W. 2003. Comparing designs of marine reserves for fisheries and for biodiversity. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S65-S70.
Journal Article Largier, John L. 2003. Considerations in estimating larval dispersal distances from oceanographic data. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S71-S89.
Journal Article Leslie, Heather M.; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Ball, Ian; Andelman, Sandy J.; Possingham, Hugh P. 2003. Using siting algorithms in the design of marine reserve networks. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S185-S198.
Journal Article Lockwood, Dale; Hastings, Alan; Botsford, Louis W. 2002. The effects of dispersal patterns on marine reserves: Does the tail wag the dog?. Theoretical Population Biology. Vol: 61(3). Pages 297-309.
Report or White Paper Lubchenco, Jane. 1998. Developing a Theory of Marine Reserves - Summary of November 1998 Meeting. (Online version)
Report or White Paper Lubchenco, Jane. 1998. Developing the Theory of Marine Reserves - Summary of Meeting 1. (Online version)
Report or White Paper Lubchenco, Jane. 1999. Developing a Theory of Marine Reserves - Summary of May 1999 Meeting. (Online version)
Journal Article Lubchenco, Jane; Palumbi, Stephen R.; Gaines, Steven D.; Andelman, Sandy J. 2003. Plugging a hole in the ocean: The emerging science of marine reserves. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S3-S7.
Book Chapter Morgan, Lance; Botsford, Louis W. 2001. Managing with reserves: Modeling uncertainty in larval dispersal for a sea urchin fishery. Proceedings of the Symposium on Spatial Processes and Management of Marine Populations. University of Alaska, Sea Grant. Pages 720.
Journal Article Neigel, Joseph E. 2003. Species-area relationships and marine conservation. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S138-S145.
Presentations Palumbi, Stephen R. 1999. NCEAS progress. NRC Committee on Marine Protected Areas.
Book Chapter Palumbi, Stephen R. 2000. The ecology of marine protected areas. Edited by Bertness, M.; Gaines, S.; Hay, M.. Marine Community Ecology. Sinauer Associates, Inc.. Sunderland, MA. Pages 509-530.
Book Palumbi, Stephen R. 2002. Marine Reserves: An Ecosystem Tool for Marine Management and Conservation. Pew Oceans Commission. Arlington, VA.
Journal Article Palumbi, Stephen R. 2003. Population genetics, demographic connectivity, and the design of marine reserves. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S146-S158.
Book Chapter Possingham, Hugh P.; Ball, Ian; Andelman, Sandy J. 2000. Mathematical methods for identifying representative reserve networks. Edited by Ferson, S.; Burgman, M.. Quantitative Methods for Conservation Biology. Springer-Verlag. New York. Pages 291-306.
Report or White Paper Roberts, Callum; Hawkins, Julie. 2000. Fully-protected marine reserves: A guide. WWF Endangered Seas Campaign. (Online version)
Journal Article Roberts, Callum; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Palumbi, Stephen R.; Warner, Robert R. 2001. Designing marine reserve networks: Why small, isolated protected areas are not enough. Conservation Biology in Practice. Vol: 2(3). Pages 11-17.
Journal Article Roberts, Callum; Branch, George M.; Bustamante, Rodrigo; Castilla, Juan Carlos; Dugan, Jenifer E.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Lafferty, Kevin D.; Leslie, Heather M.; Lubchenco, Jane; McArdle, Deborah; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Warner, Robert R. 2003. Application of ecological criteria in selecting marine reserves and developing reserve networks. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S215-S228.
Journal Article Roberts, Callum; Andelman, Sandy J.; Branch, George M.; Bustamante, Rodrigo; Castilla, Juan Carlos; Dugan, Jenifer E.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Lafferty, Kevin D.; Leslie, Heather M.; Lubchenco, Jane; McArdle, Deborah; Possingham, Hugh P.; Ruckelshaus, Mary; Warner, Robert R. 2003. Ecological criteria for evaluating candidate sites for marine reserves. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S199-S215.
Presentations Ruckelshaus, Mary. 1999. Using siting algorithms to site reserves. National Marine Fisheries Service. NW Fisheries Science Center.
Journal Article Shanks, Alan L.; Grantham, Brian; Carr, Mark H. 2003. Propagule dispersal distance and the size and spacing of marine reserves. Ecological Applications (Supplement: The Science of Marine Reserves). Vol: 13(1). Pages S159-S169.