NCEAS Project 2128

A supply function for carbon sequestration: Multi-disciplinary estimation and integrated sensitivity analysis

  • Alexander Pfaff


ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group1st—5th September 1998Participant List  
Working Group27th—31st January 1999Participant List  
Working Group10th—14th August 1999Participant List  
Working Group19th—24th June 2000Participant List  

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Abstract

Our goal is to estimate how much sequestration of carbon would be offered by Costa Rican landowners responding to a reward for sequestration such as the price of carbon `offsets¿ in a global market for such sequestration credits . Although the formation of such a market is the leading candidate for implementation of any international climate change agreement involving binding limits on carbon emissions from richer countries, the components of the estimation described below would be helpful regardless of the form of carbon regulation adopted. An important part of this estimation is to explore how sensitive the result is to the approaches taken (in particular the ecological approach) in estimation and in the establishment of a carbon monitoring system.

This type of supply function information is of great policy interest not only for the specific case of Costa Rica but also for other countries which may want to participate in such a market. This is especially true for those countries with forests `ecologically similar¿ to those of Costa Rica, the exact definition of which will become clearer as a result of the sensitivity testing. The sensitivity testing will also indicate how best to simplify the workings of such a market, which would increase the opportunities for small land owners to participate when it is in their interest.

Finally, producing such an estimate requires expertise from not only ecology but also economics, and both of the two major components of this estimation can stand alone as disciplinary research.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Chambers, Jeff Q.; Higuchi, Niro; Tribuzy, E. S.; Trumbore, Sue. 2001. Carbon sink for a century. Nature. Vol: 410. Pages 429.
Journal Article Chambers, Jeff Q.; Higuchi, Niro; Teixeira, Liliane M.; dos Santos, J.; Laurance, Susan; Trumbore, Sue. 2004. Response of tree biomass and wood litter to disturbance in a Central Amazon forest. Oecologia. Vol: 141. Pages 596-614.
Journal Article Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez, Arturo; Schimel, David W.; Tosi, Joseph; Watson, Vicente. 1998. The clean development mechanism, tropical carbon sinks and biodiversity: An economics/ecology model for prediction policy effects and evaluating policy options. Papers and Proceedings of the 1998 Global Biodiversity Forum, Buenos Aires, Brazil.
Presentations Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez, Arturo; Schimel, David W.; Tosi, Joseph; Watson, Vicente. 1998. The clean development mechanism, tropical carbon sinks and biodiversity: An economics/ecology model for prediction policy effects and evaluating policy options. 1998 Global Biodiversity Forum. Buenos Aires.
Report or White Paper Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Hughes, R. Flint; Liu, Shuguang; Sanchez, Arturo; Schimel, David W.; Tosi, Joseph; Watson, Vicente. 1999. A carbon sequestration supply function and development of feasible clean development mechanism rules for tropical forest carbon sinks: A work plan for multi-disciplinary estimation and integrated sensitivity analysis making use of Costa Rica as a data-intensive case study. Columbia University Department of Economics Working Paper Series. Vol: 9899-08.
Presentations Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez, Arturo. 1999. The dynamics of deforestation: Evidence from Costa Rica. Association of Environmental and Resource Economists Session, January 1999. American Social Science Association Meetings.
Report or White Paper Kerr, Suzi; Liu, Shuguang; Hughes, R. Flint; Pfaff, Alexander. 2000. Carbon dynamics, land use and biocomplexity: Building a regional scale multidisciplinary model. United States Geological Survey Mimeo.
Report or White Paper Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez, Arturo. 2000. The dynamics of deforestation: Evidence from Costa Rica. Discussion Paper Series 0001-01, Columbia University, Department of Economics.
Book Chapter Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G. A. 2001. The dynamics of deforestation and the supply of carbon sequestration: Illustrative results from Costa Rica. Edited by Harvard Institute for International Development. Central America Project, Environment: Conservation and Competitiveness.
Presentations Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez, Arturo. 2001. The dynamics of deforestation and the supply of carbon sequestration in Costa Rica. AERE Session, 7 January 2001. Allied Social Science Associations. New Orleans, LA.
Book Chapter Kerr, Suzi; Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G. A.; Boscolo, M. 2001. What role for tropical forests in climate change mitigation? The case of Costa Rica. Edited by Harvard Institute for International Development. Central America Project, Environment: Conservation and Competitiveness.
Report or White Paper Liu, Shuguang; Hughes, R. Flint; Pfaff, Alexander; Kerr, Suzi; Tosi, Joseph; Watson, Vicente. 2000. Impacts of land-use change on carbon stocks in Costa Rican ecosystems. United States Geological Survey Mimeo.
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander. 1998. Carbon sequestration in Costa Rica. Public Policy and the Environment Workshop, August 1998. National Bureau of Economic Research Summer Institute. Cambridge, MA.
Report or White Paper Pfaff, Alexander. 1998. Carbon Sequestration Working Group: First meeting. (Online version)
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander; Kerr, Suzi. 1999. A carbon sequestration supply function and development of feasible clean development mechanism rules for tropical forest carbon sinks. Estimating the Costs of Biological Carbon Sequestration, June 1999. John F. Kennedy School of Government.
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander. 1999. Can the CDM work for tropical carbon sinks? Integrating economics and ecology to evaluate policy options. International Human Dimensions Program. Japan.
Report or White Paper Pfaff, Alexander. 1999. Carbon Sequestration Working Group: Second meeting. (Online version)
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander. 2000. Can the clean development mechanism work for tropical forest carbon sinks, 17 December 2000. FAO-The United Nations Food and Agricultural. Rome, Italy.
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander. 2000. Modeling land-use change and its ecological implications in Costa Rica: Combining remotely sensed and socioeconomic data, 31 March 2000. University of Maine. Orono, ME.
Journal Article Pfaff, Alexander; Kerr, Suzi; Hughes, R. Flint; Liu, Shuguang; Sanchez, Arturo; Schimel, David W.; Tosi, Joseph; Watson, Vicente. 2000. The Kyoto Protocol and payments for tropical forest: An interdisciplinary method for estimating carbon-offset supply and increasing the feasibility of a carbon market under the CDM. Ecological Economics. Vol: 35. Pages 203.
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander; Kerr, Suzi; Hughes, R. Flint; Liu, Shuguang; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G. A.; Schimel, David W.; Tosi, Joseph; Watson, Vicente. 2000. The Kyoto Protocol and payments for tropical forests: Estimating carbon-offset supply under CDM. Environmental Economics Seminar, 23 October 2000 . Columbia University.
Presentations Pfaff, Alexander. 2000. The Kyoto Protocol and payments for tropical forests: Estimating carbon-offset supply under CDM . Environmental/Resource Economics Workshop, 17 July 2000. Colorado University, Boulder.
Journal Article Pfaff, Alexander; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G. A. 2004. Deforestation pressure and biological reserve planning: A conceptual approach and an illustrative application for Costa Rica. Resource and Energy Economics. Vol: 26. Pages 237-254.
Journal Article Pfaff, Alexander; Kerr, Suzi; Lipper, Leslie; Cavatassi, Romina; Davis, Benjamin; Hendy, Joanna; Sanchez-Azofeifa, G. A. 2007. Will buying tropical forest carbon benefit the poor? Evidence from Costa Rica. Land Use Policy. Vol: 24. Pages 600-610.
Journal Article Sanchez-Azofeifa, G. A.; Daily, Gretchen; Pfaff, Alexander; Busch, Christopher. 2003. Integrity and isolation of Costa Rica’s national parks and biological reserves: Examining the dynamics of land-cover change. Biological Conservation. Vol: 109. Pages 123-135.