NCEAS Project 2182

Body size in ecology and paleoecology: Linking pattern and process across spatial, temporal and taxonomic scales

  • Felisa A. Smith


ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group11th—14th February 1999Participant List  
Undergraduate Intern1st March 1999—31st August 2000Participant List  
Working Group11th—17th July 1999Participant List  
Working Group11th—13th November 1999Participant List  
Working Group31st March—5th April 2000Participant List  
Working Group26th—31st July 2000Participant List  
Working Group13th—16th January 2001Participant List  
Working Group7th—12th June 2001Participant List  
Working Group30th January—3rd February 2002Participant List  
Working Group1st—5th June 2002Participant List  

Members Only Area

Abstract
Body size has long been a central area of research in both ecology and paleoecology. With few exceptions however, ecologists have focused on spatial relationships and/or short time spans, and paleoecologists on long time scales. Little cross-linkage has existed between the two disciplines. Additionally, most studies of ecogeographic or evolutionary phenomena are restricted to single taxa. We propose to form a working group consisting of paleoecologists and ecologists, studying organisms as diverse as marine invertebrates, terrestrial woody plants and mammals. Our aim is to synthesize the patterns of body size distribution across local to broad geographic space and from contemporary to ¿deep¿ time, and then to examine the processes that lead to the observed patterns.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Brown, James H.; Kelt, D. A.; Fox, B. J. 2002. Assembly rules and competition in desert rodents. American Naturalist. Vol: 160. Pages 815-818.
Journal Article Brown, James H.; Gupta, V. K.; Li, Bai-Lian; Milne, Bruce T.; Restrepo, Carla; West, Geoffrey B. 2002. The fractal nature of nature: Power laws, ecological complexity, and biodiversity. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. Vol: 357. Pages 619-626.
Book Chapter Brown, James H.; Gillooly, James F.; West, Geoffrey B.; Savage, Van M. 2003. The next step in macroecology: From general empirical patterns to universal ecological laws. Edited by Blackburn, T. M.; Gaston, K. J.. Macroecology: Concepts and Consequences. Blackwell Science. Oxford. Pages 408-423.
Book Chapter Brown, James H.; Bedrick, Edward J.; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Cartron, Jean-Luc E.; Kelly, Jeffrey F. 2004. Constraints on negative relationships: Mathematical causes and ecological consequences. Edited by Taper, M. L.; Lele, S. R.. The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical, Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations. University of Chicago Press. Chicago. Pages 298–323.
Journal Article Enquist, Brian J.; Tiffney, Bruce; Niklas, Karl J. 2007. Metabolic scaling and the evolutionary dynamics of plant size, form, and diversity: Toward a synthesis of ecology, evolution, and paleontology. International Journal of Plant Sciences. Vol: 168(5). Pages 729-749.
Journal Article Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Enquist, Brian J.; Brown, James H.; Charnov, Eric; Gillooly, James F.; Savage, Van M.; White, Ethan; Smith, Felisa A.; Hadly, Elizabeth A.; Haskell, John P.; Lyons, Kathleen; Maurer, Brian A.; Niklas, Karl J.; Tiffney, Bruce. 2003. Thermodynamic and metabolic effects on the scaling of production and population energy use. Ecology Letters. Vol: 6. Pages 990-995.
Journal Article Gillooly, James F.; Brown, James H.; West, Geoffrey B.; Savage, Van M.; Charnov, Eric. 2001. Effects of size and temperature on metabolic rate. Science. Vol: 293. Pages 2248-2251.
Journal Article Gillooly, James F.; Charnov, Eric; West, Geoffrey B.; Savage, Van M.; Brown, James H. 2002. Effects of size and temperature on developmental time. Nature. Vol: 417. Pages 70-73.
Journal Article Haskell, John P. 2001. The latitudinal gradient of diversity through the Holocene as recorded by fossil pollen in Europe. Evolutionary Ecology Research. Vol: 3. Pages 345-360.
Journal Article Hurlbert, Allen H.; Haskell, John P. 2003. The effect of energy and seasonality on avian species richness and community composition. American Naturalist. Vol: 161. Pages 83-97.
Journal Article Lyons, Kathleen; Willig, Michael R. 2002. Species richness, latitude, and scale-sensitivity. Ecology. Vol: 83. Pages 47-58.
Journal Article Lyons, Kathleen; Smith, Felisa A.; Brown, James H. 2004. Of mice, mastodons and men: Human-mediated extinctions on four continents. Evolutionary Ecology Research. Vol: 6(3). Pages 339-358.
Book Chapter Maurer, Brian A. 2003. Adaptive diversification of body size: The roles of physical constraint, energetics, and natural selection. Edited by Blackburn, T.; Gaston, K.. Macroecology: Concepts and Consequences. Blackwell. Oxford. Pages 174-191.
Journal Article Maurer, Brian A.; Brown, James H.; Dayan, Tamar; Enquist, Brian J.; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Hadly, Elizabeth A.; Haskell, John P.; Jablonski, David; Jones, Kate E.; Kaufman, Dawn; Lyons, Kathleen; Niklas, Karl J.; Porter, Warren P.; Roy, Kaustuv; Smith, Felisa A.; Tiffney, Bruce; Willig, Michael R. 2004. Similarities in body size distributions of small-bodied flying vertebrates. Evolutionary Ecology Research. Vol: 6. Pages 783-797.
Journal Article Meiri, Shai; Dayan, Tamar. 2003. On the validity of Bergmann's Rule. Journal of Biogeography. Vol: 30. Pages 331-351.
Journal Article Meiri, Shai; Dayan, Tamar; Simberloff, Daniel S. 2004. Body size of insular carnivores: Little support for the island rule. American Naturalist. Vol: 163. Pages 469-479.
Journal Article Porter, Warren P.; Sabo, John L.; Tracy, Christopher R.; Reichman, O. J.; Ramankutty, Navin. 2002. Physiology on a landscape scale: Plant-animal interactions. Integrative and comparative biology. Vol: 42(3). Pages 431-453. (Abstract)
Journal Article Roy, Kaustuv; Jablonski, David; Martien, Karen. 2000. Invariant size-frequency distributions along a latitudinal gradient in marine bivalves. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Vol: 97. Pages 13150-13155.
Data Set Smith, Felisa A.; Lyons, Kathleen; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Jones, Kate E.; Kaufman, Dawn; Dayan, Tamar; Marquet, Pablo A.; Brown, James H.; Haskell, John P. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecological Archives. Vol: E084-094.
Journal Article Smith, Felisa A.; Lyons, Kathleen; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Jones, Kate E.; Kaufman, Dawn; Dayan, Tamar; Marquet, Pablo A.; Brown, James H.; Haskell, John P. 2003. Body mass of late Quaternary mammals. Ecology. Vol: 84(12). Pages 3403-3403.
Journal Article Smith, Felisa A.; Brown, James H.; Haskell, John P.; Lyons, Kathleen; Alroy, John; Charnov, Eric; Dayan, Tamar; Enquist, Brian J.; Ernest, S. K. Morgan; Hadly, Elizabeth A.; Jones, Kate E.; Kaufman, Dawn; Marquet, Pablo A.; Maurer, Brian A.; Niklas, Karl J.; Porter, Warren P.; Tiffney, Bruce; Willig, Michael R. 2004. Similarity of mammalian body size across the taxonomic hierarchy and across space and time. American Naturalist. Vol: 163. Pages 672-691.