NCEAS Project 2600

The ecology of marine diseases

  • Drew Harvell

Abstracts of June 2001 Meeting and Titles of Projects in Progress

Online copy of Jolles, A.E., P. Sullivan, A.P. Alker, and C.D. Harvell. 2002. Disease Transmissionof Aspergillosis in Sea Fans: Inferring Process from Spatial Pattern. Ecology, 83(9): 2373-2378.

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Sabbatical Fellow8th August 2000—30th June 2001Participant List  
Working Group13th—17th September 2000Participant List  
Working Group4th—10th June 2001Participant List  
Working Group28th February—3rd March 2002Participant List  
Working Group30th October—3rd November 2002Participant List  

The working group on marine diseases will bring together researchers working with diverse diseases of marine organisms with theoreticians and statisticians. Epidemiological studies of diseases in marine systems have been rare and there is a paucity of information regarding even the most basic properties of marine pathogens (e.g. identity, host-specificity) and factors (e.g. environmental correlates) affecting disease processes (Harvell et al. 1999). In particular, little is known about the mechanisms of either disease transmission or host resistance and their roles in facilitating disease outbreaks. Although theoretical and experimental practices developed to model infectious disease in humans (Anderson & May 1991),wildlife (Daszak et al. 2000) and agricultural systems (Real 1996) have provided some useful insight, the applicability of these "terrestrial" models to comparatively more open system like the ocean is not known. Moreover, knowledge of mechanisms of host resistance among marine invertebrates is effectively a black box; we lack understanding of basic disease resistance mechanisms and their interaction with environmental stressors. Using a few well studied host-pathogen interactions or those with long-term monitoring data, we will 1) synthesize what is currently know about marine diseases and their environmental drivers, 2) develop new epidemiological theory for analysis of marine diseases, and 3) review differences between disease ecology in marine and terrestrial habitats, including the consequences of spill-over of infectious micro-organisms from farmed into wild populations.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Dube, Danielle; Alker, Alisa P.; Kim, Kiho; Harvell, Drew. 2002. Size structure and geographic variation in chemical resistance of sea fan corals (Gorgonia ventalina) to a fungal pathogen. Marine Ecology-Progress Series. Vol: 231. Pages 139-150.
Report or White Paper Harvell, Drew. 2001. Biodiversity and health for the workshop on conceptual tools for the developing biodiversity scenarios (April 19-21, Trinidad). Scenarios Working Group of the Millennium Ecosystem Assessment.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2002. Climate change and coral reefs. Public talk for Kohala Center, December 2003. Kona, Hawaii.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2002. Climate change seminar series, November 2002. Yale University. New Haven, CT.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2002. Climate warming and disease impacts. International Parasitology Meetings, August 2002. Vancouver, Canada.
Journal Article Harvell, Drew; Mitchell, Charles E.; Ward, Jessica R.; Altizer, Sonia; Dobson, Andrew P.; Ostfeld, Richard S.; Samuel, Michael D. 2002. Climate warming and disease risks for terrestrial and marine biota. Science. Vol: 296(5576). Pages 2158-2162.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2002. Topic: Ocean Diseases. Coral disease and reef sustainability meeting, September 2002. World Bank. Akumal, Mexico.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2003. Sick seafans by the seashore: Climate change and coral resistance in disease, November 2003. Department of Biology University of California, Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, CA.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2003. The rising tide of ocean diseases: Unsolved problems and research priorities. House Oceans Caucus Luncheon, October 2003. Washington, DC.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2003. Topic: Ocean Diseases. Invited Class Lecture, March 2003. Cornell Oceanography.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2003. Topic: Ocean Diseases. Invited Class Lecturer Cornell EAS Course, January 2003. Kona, Hawaii.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2004. Climate change and ecology of seafan resistance to disease. University of Washington.
Journal Article Harvell, Drew; Aronson, Richard B.; Baron, Nancy; Connell, Joseph H.; Dobson, Andrew P.; Ellner, Stephen P.; Gerber, Leah R.; Kim, Kiho; Kuris, Armand; McCallum, Hamish; Lafferty, Kevin D.; McKay, Bruce; Porter, James W.; Pascual, Mercedes; Smith, Garriet; Sutherland, Kathryn; Ward, Jessica R. 2004. The rising tide of ocean diseases: Unsolved problems and research priorities. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Vol: 7(2). Pages 375-382.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2004. The role of inducible resistance in the seafan fungal epizootic, June 2004. Okinawa, Japan.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. 2005. Health of the oceans: What should our priorities be?. A Congressional Briefing at Airdrie House.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. Climate change and coral.
Presentations Harvell, Drew. Coral disease and climate warming. Invited Seminar. Friday Harbor Laboratories, University of Washington. Friday Harbor, WA.
Journal Article Jolles, Anna E.; Sullivan, Patrick; Alker, Alisa P.; Harvell, Drew. 2002. Disease transmission of aspergillosis in sea fans: Inferring process from spatial pattern. Ecology. Vol: 83(9). Pages 2373-2378.
Journal Article Kim, Kiho; Harvell, Drew. 2004. The rise and fall of a six-year coral-fungal epizootic. American Naturalist. Vol: 164. Pages S52-S63.
Book Chapter Kim, Kiho; Dobson, Andrew P.; Gulland, Frances; Harvell, Drew. 2005. Diseases and the conservation of marine diversity. Edited by Norse, Elliot A.; Crowder, Larry, B.. Conservation of Marine Ecosystems. Island Press. Pages 145-166.
Journal Article Koelle, Katia; Pascual, Mercedes. 2004. Disentangling extrinsic from intrinsic factors in disease dynamics: A nonlinear time series approach with an application to cholera. American Naturalist. Vol: 163. Pages 901-913.
Journal Article Lafferty, Kevin D.; Porter, James W.; Ford, Susan E. 2004. Are diseases increasing in the ocean?. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics. Vol: 35. Pages 31-54.
Journal Article McCallum, Hamish; Dobson, Andrew P. 2002. Disease, habitat fragmentation and conservation. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. Vol: 269. Pages 2041-2049.
Journal Article McCallum, Hamish; Harvell, Drew; Dobson, Andrew P. 2003. Rates of spread of marine pathogens. Ecology Letters. Vol: 6(12). Pages 1062-1067.
Journal Article McCallum, Hamish; Kuris, Armand; Harvell, Drew; Lafferty, Kevin D.; Smith, Garriet; Porter, James W. 2004. Does terrestrial epidemiology apply to marine systems?. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Vol: 19(11). Pages 585-591.
Journal Article Pascual, Mercedes; Bouma, Menno J.; Dobson, Andrew P. 2002. Cholera and climate: Revisiting the quantitative evidence. Microbes and Infection. Vol: 4. Pages 237-245.
Journal Article Ward, Jessica R.; Lafferty, Kevin D. 2004. The elusive baseline of marine disease: Are diseases in ocean ecosystems increasing?. PLoS Biology. Vol: 2(4). Pages 542-547. (Abstract)