NCEAS Project 4820

The ecology of hermaphroditic breeding systems

  • Peter M. Buston

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Postdoctoral Fellow1st October 2002—30th September 2005Participant List  

Abstract
There is an enormous diversity of hermaphroditic breeding systems distributed throughout the plant and animal kingdoms. To gain a greater understanding of this diversity, I propose to investigate the socio-ecological factors that underlie the evolution of these systems. First, I will develop new game-theoretic models, to generate explicit predictions about how ecological, social, and genetic factors combine to influence the distribution of reproduction within the breeding systems of both sequential and simultaneous hermaphrodites. Second, I will synthesize the extensive, but scattered, empirical literature on plant and animal (vertebrate and invertebrate) hermaphroditic breeding systems, gathering data on the socio-ecological factors that theoretical models indicate might give rise to these systems. Third, I will use this database, in conjunction with the comparative method, to test the alternative models, and determine which factors are indeed the key determinants of the different hermaphroditic breeding systems. The research will provide a comprehensive socio-ecological framework within which the breeding systems of all hermaphrodites can be understood. The work is important because understanding the breeding system of a species can be the key to effectively managing and conserving its populations.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2002. Ecologists guide to reproductive skew theory. EcoLunch. National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. Santa Barbara, CA.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2002. Group structure of the clown anemonefish. Department of Ecology, Evolution and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, CA.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2002. Why are there so many (kinds of) animals?. EcoLunch. National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis. Santa Barbara, CA.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2003. Clownfish. Talk of the Nation, 11 July 2003. National Public Radio. (Online version)
Journal Article Buston, Peter M.; Emlen, S. T. 2003. Cognitive processes underlying human mate choice: The relationship between self-perception and mate preference in western society. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Vol: 100. Pages 8805-8810.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M. 2003. Forcible eviction and prevention of recruitment in the clown anemonefish. Behavioral Ecology. Vol: 14. Pages 576-582.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M. 2003. Mortality is associated with social rank in the clown anemonefish (Amphiprion percula). Marine Biology. Vol: 143(4). Pages 811-815. (Abstract)
Journal Article Buston, Peter M. 2003. Social hierarchies: Size and growth modification in clownfish. Nature. Vol: 424. Pages 145-146.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2004. Breeding system of the clown anemonefish. Bamfield Marine Science Center, University of British Columbia, Bamfield. Bamfield, British Columbia, Canada.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M. 2004. Does the presence of non-breeders enhance the fitness of breeders? An experimental analysis in the clown anemonefish Amphiprion percula. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Vol: 57. Pages 23-31.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M.; Munday, Philip L.; Warner, Robert R. 2004. Evolutionary biology - Sex change and relative body size in animals. Nature. Vol: 428. Pages 1.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2004. Group structure of the clown anemonefish. Estacion Biologica de Donana, CSIC. Sevilla, Spain.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2004. Group structure of the clown anemonefish. Department of Biology, New Mexico State University. Las Cruces, New Mexico.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2004. Group structure of the clown anemonefish. Department of Behavioural Ecology, Zoological Institute, University of Bern. Bern, Switzerland.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2004. Structure of animal societies: Clownfish and other hermaphrodites. Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge. Cambridge, United Kingdom.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M. 2004. Territory inheritance in clownfish. Proceedings of the Royal Society B-Biological Sciences. Vol: 271. Pages S252-S254.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2005. Breeding system of the clown anemonefish. School of Marine Biology and Aquaculture, James Cook University, Townsville. Queensland, Australia.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2005. Cognitive processes underlying human mate choice. Department of Zoology, University of Cambridge. Cambridge, UK.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2005. Cognitive processes underlying human mate choice. Department of Anthropology, University of California, Davis. Davis, CA.
Presentations Buston, Peter M. 2005. Group structure of the clown anemonefish. Center for Population Biology, University of California, Davis. Davis, CA.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M.; Reeve, H. K.; Cant, M. A.; Vehrencamp, S. L.; Emlen, S. T. 2007. Reproductive skew and the evolution of group dissolution tactics: a synthesis of concession and restraint models. Animal Behaviour. Vol: 74. Pages 1643-1654.
Journal Article Buston, Peter M.; Zink, A. G. 2009. Reproductive skew and the evolution of conflict resolution: a synthesis of transactional and tug-of-war models. Behavioral Ecology. Vol: 20(3). Pages 672-684.
Journal Article Munday, Philip L.; Buston, Peter M.; Warner, Robert R. 2006. Diversity and flexibility of sex-change strategies in animals. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Vol: 21(1). Pages 89-95.