NCEAS Project 5020

Development of tools for the practical design of marine reserves

  • Alan Hastings
  • Louis W. Botsford

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group27th—30th June 2002Participant List  
Working Group27th February—2nd March 2003Participant List  
Working Group8th—10th October 2003Participant List  
Working Group5th—7th January 2004Participant List  
Working Group23rd—26th May 2004Participant List  
Working Group7th—9th April 2005Participant List  

We propose a working group to examine the general question of moving from theory to policy, specifically looking at the design of marine reserves, building on the quantitative results obtained under a previous NCEAS working group, "A Theory of Marine Reserves", by J. Lubchenco, S. Gaines and S. Palumbi. Whereas the modeling in that working group was a development of a general theory of marine reserves, the focus of the working group proposed here will be an application of that theory to specific problems. Rather than consider ideal optimal reserve configurations, we will study implementing actual marine reserves, given a specific situation and constraints (i.e., current fishing rate, current state of the ecosystem, limited area under consideration, uncertainty in larval dispersal, fisher behavior). The goal will be to develop scientifically sound design tools that can be used in ongoing and future implementation efforts for reserve systems, considering reserves designed both to improve fisheries and to conserve natural marine ecosystems. This effort can be viewed as a paradigm for the problem of translating ecological theory into practical policy applications.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Baskett, Marissa L.; Yoklavich, Mary; Love, Milton S. 2006. Predation, competition, and the recovery of overexploited fish stocks in marine reserves. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Vol: 63(6). Pages 1214-1229.
Journal Article Baskett, Marissa L.; Micheli, Fiorenza; Levin, Simon A. 2007. Designing marine reserves for interacting species: Insights from theory. Biological Conservation. Vol: 137(2). Pages 163-179.
Journal Article Botsford, Louis W.; Kaplan, David; Hastings, Alan. 2004. Sustainability and yield in marine reserve policy. American Fisheries Society Symposium. Pages 1-12. (Online version)
Journal Article Halpern, Benjamin S.; Gaines, Steven D.; Warner, Robert R. 2004. Confounding effects of the export of production and the displacement of fishing effort from marine reserves. Ecological Applications. Vol: 14(4). Pages 1248-1256. (Online version)
Journal Article Kaplan, David; Botsford, Louis W. 2005. Effects of variability in spacing of coastal marine reserves on fisheries yield and sustainability. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences. Vol: 62. Pages 905-912. (Online version)
Journal Article Micheli, Fiorenza; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Botsford, Louis W.; Warner, Robert R. 2004. Trajectories and correlates of community change in no-take marine reserves. Ecological Applications. Vol: 14(6). Pages 1709-1723. (Online version)