NCEAS Project 6140

Functional relationships of Asian Hornbills in changing forest landscapes

  • Margaret F. Kinnaird
  • Timothy G. O'Brien

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Sabbatical Fellow1st September 2003—31st August 2004Participant List  
Sabbatical Fellow1st September 2003—31st August 2004Participant List  
Center Associate1st September 2004—31st December 2006Participant List  
Center Associate1st September 2004—31st December 2006Participant List  

Abstract
Birds and mammals are important seed dispersers and pollinators in tropical rainforests and are increasingly threatened by deforestation and hunting. The use of minimum viable populations as targets for conservation may be insufficient to assure the delivery of ecological services such as seed dispersal. Hornbills (Family Bucerotidae) are a distinctive African and Asian bird family, inhabiting savannahs, dry forests and rainforests of Sub-Saharan Africa, and India eastward to the Solomon Islands. In Asia, hornbills are largely frugivorous forest birds and important dispersers of seeds of rainforest trees. Despite more than two decades of research, there has not been an attempt to synthesize and extend knowledge about this family. We propose to collate, analyze and synthesize data that will explore the ecology and behavior of these important birds, demonstrate their functional role in forest ecosystems, highlight keystone interactions with fruit resources, and examine the conservation impact of forest loss and fragmentation for hornbills and their function in the ecosystem.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Hadiprakarsa, Y.; Kinnaird, Margaret F. 2004. Foraging characteristics of an assemblage of four Sumatran hornbill species. Bird Conservation International. Vol: 14. Pages S53-S62.
Journal Article Hedges, Simon; Tyson, Martin J.; Sitompul, Arnold F.; Kinnaird, Margaret F.; Gunaryadi, Donny; Aslan, -. 2005. Distribution, status, and conservation needs of Asian elephants (Elephas maximus) in Lampung Province, Sumatra, Indonesia. Biological Conservation. Vol: 124. Pages 35-48.
Presentations Kinnaird, Margaret F. 2004. Caffeine and conservation. Invited Lecture Series, November 2004. UC Davis. Davis, CA.
Book Chapter Kinnaird, Margaret F.; O'Brien, Timothy G. 2005. Fast food in the forest: The influence of figs on primates and hornbills across Wallace's Line. Edited by Dew, J. Lawrence; Boubli, Jean P. Tropical Fruits and Frugivores: The Search for Strong Interactors. Springer. New York. Pages 155-184.
Report or White Paper Kinnaird, Margaret F.; Redford, Kent. 2005. Wildlife conservation society- international and development of a species strategy. Report to the Wildlife Conservation Society, April 2005. Bronx, New York. Pages 8.
Book Kinnaird, Margaret F.; O'Brien, Timothy G. 2008. The Ecology and Conservation of Asian Hornbills: Farmers of the Forest. University of Chicago Press. Pages 352.
Journal Article O'Brien, Timothy G.; Kinnaird, Margaret F. 2004. Conservation policy in coffee landscapes - Response. Science. Vol: 303. Pages 625-626.
Presentations O'Brien, Timothy G. 2004. Population assessments of the Asiatic cheetah and its prey in the I.R. of Iran. Society for Conservation Biology.
Book Chapter O'Brien, Timothy G.; Kinnaird, Margaret F.; Groom, Martha; Coppollilo, P. 2005. Ecologically functional populations: Revisiting how much is enough. Edited by Groom, Martha J.; Meffe, Gary K.; Carroll, Ronald Principles of Conservation Biology. Vol: 3rd edition. Sinauer Associates, Inc.. Sunderland, MA. Pages 779.
Data Set O'Brien, Timothy G. 2008. The Ecology and Conservation of Asian Hornbills Book. (Online version)
Journal Article Sitompul, Arnold F.; Kinnaird, Margaret F.; O'Brien, Timothy G. 2004. Size matters: The effects of forest fragmentation and resource availability on a large frugivore, the endemic Sumba Island hornbill. Bird Conservation International. Vol: 14(S1). Pages S23-S37.