NCEAS Project 7140

Marine conservation: Integrating science and policy

  • Larry B. Crowder

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Sabbatical Fellow1st January—30th June 2004Participant List  

Abstract
Marine conservation requires not only an understanding of the biological, physical, and ecological science, but it also requires a mature understanding of the socio-political process. Poor science can doom the implementation of wise marine conservation practices, but naivete among scientists regarding the policymaking process also can slow the application of good science. I propose two major goals for my time as a Center Fellow on sabbatical at NCEAS during 2003-2004. First, I will write a book tentatively titled, Marine Conservation: Integrating Science and Policy. This book will follow on the heels of another book on Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Sustaining the Seas, Island Press, 2003, which I am co-editing with Elliott Norse of MCBI. The new book will be co-authored by Mike Orbach and derives from the Conservation Biology and Policy Course we have taught at the Duke University Marine Laboratory since 1997. Second, I plan to learn more about the science/policy integration process by working with an interdisciplinary group of people who deal with marine conservation from disciplines other than my own including anthropologists, economists, lawyers, journalists, marketing people, governance experts, fishermen, and environmentalists. The current working group on Marine Management (Francis and Kitchell), of which I am a member, is holding its first meeting with people from this broader interdisciplinary group in December 2002. One lesson from previous NCEAS syntheses, like the one on Marine Reserves (Lubchenco et al.), is that even after the science is synthesized, there is much new interdisciplinary work required to implement a marine reserve. The current working group on Pratical Design of Marine Reserves (Hastings and Botsford) is addressing these issues relative to marine reserves. The purpose of my sabbatical will be to provide a roadmap for ecologists orienteering through the policy landscape.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Presentations Alava, J. J.; Keller, J. M.; Kucklick, J. R.; Crowder, Larry B.; Wyneken, J.; Scott, Geoffrey I. 2004. Analysis of polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and organochlorine pesticides in loggerhead sea turtle eggs from Florida, U.S.. 24th Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation, February 2004. International Sea Turtle Society. San Jose, Costa Rica.
Journal Article Coleman, Felicia C.; Figueira, Will F.; Ueland, Jeffery S.; Crowder, Larry B. 2004. The impact of United States recreational fisheries on marine fish populations. Science. Vol: 305. Pages 1958-1960.
Journal Article Craig, J. Kevin; Crowder, Larry B. 2005. Hypoxia-induced habitat shifts and energetic consequences in Atlantic croaker and brown shrimp on the Gulf of Mexico shelf. Marine Ecology-Progress Series. Vol: 294. Pages 79-94.
Presentations Crowder, Larry B.; Lewison, Rebecca L.; Freeman, S. A.; Heppell, Selina S.; D'Agrosa, Caterina. 2004. Reversing the decline of Pacific loggerheads and leatherbacks: Insights from marine spatial ecology, February 2004. American Association for the Advancement of Science. Seattle, WA.
Book Chapter Crowder, Larry B. 2005. Back to the future in marine conservation. Edited by Norse, Elliot A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 19-29.
Presentations Hart, K. M.; Crowder, Larry B.; Hooper, M.; Cahoon, R. E. 2004. Mitigating diamondback terrapin bycatch and mortality in actively fished commercial crab pots in NC, USA. 4th World Fisheries Congress, May 2004. Vancouver.
Journal Article Hart, K. M.; Mooreside, Peter; Crowder, Larry B. 2006. Interpreting the spatio-temporal patterns of sea turtle strandings: Going with the flow. Biological Conservation. Vol: 129. Pages 283-290.
Presentations Heppell, Selina S.; Crowder, Larry B.; Snover, M. 2004. Comparing mortality risks with "adult equivalent" based on reproductive value. 24th Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation, February 2004. Vol: I. International Sea Turtle Society. San Jose, Costa Rica.
Book Chapter Heppell, Selina S.; Heppell, Scott A.; Read, Andrew J.; Crowder, Larry B. 2005. Effects of fishing on long-lived marine organisms. Edited by Norse, Elliot A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 211-231.
Book Chapter Kim, Kiho; Gulland, Frances; Harvell, Drew. 2005. Diseases and the conservation of marine biology. Edited by Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 149-166.
Journal Article Lewison, Rebecca L.; Freeman, S. A.; Crowder, Larry B. 2004. Quantifying the effects of fisheries on threatened species: The impact of pelagic longlines on loggerhead and leatherback sea turtles. Ecology Letters. Vol: 7. Pages 221-231.
Journal Article Lewison, Rebecca L.; Crowder, Larry B.; Read, Andrew J.; Freeman, S. A. 2004. Understanding impacts of fisheries bycatch on marine megafauna. Trends in Ecology & Evolution. Vol: 19(11). Pages 598-604 .
Book Chapter Lipcius, Romuald; Crowder, Larry B.; Morgan, Lance. 2005. Metapopulation structure and marine reserves. Edited by Norse, Elliot A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 328-345.
Book Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B. 2005. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 470.
Book Chapter Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B.; Gjerde, Kristina; Hyrenbach, K. David; Roberts, Callum; Safina, Carl; Soule, Michael E. 2005. Place-based ecosystem management in the open ocean. Edited by Norse, Elliot A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 302-327.
Book Chapter Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B. 2005. Why marine conservation biology?. Edited by Norse, Elliot A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 1-18.
Presentations Read, Andrew J.; Crowder, Larry B.; Halpin, Patrick; Best, Benjamin D.; Freeman, S. A.; Hyrenbach, K. David; Spoerri, C. 2004. OBIS-SEAMAP: Mapping the global distribution of marine mammals, seabirds, and turtles. 4th World Fisheries Congress, May 2004. Vancouver.
Book Chapter Roberts, Callum. 2005. Marine protected areas and biodiversity conservation. Edited by Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 265-279.
Journal Article Sagarin, Raphael; Crowder, Larry B. 2008. Breaking through the crisis in marine conservation and management: Insights from the philosophies of Ed Ricketts. Conservation Biology. Vol: 23(1). Pages 24-30. (Online version)
Presentations Snover, M.; Hohn, A. A.; Crowder, Larry B. 2004. Age and growth in juvenile Kemp's ridley (Lepidochelys kempi) sea turtles using skeletochronology. 24th Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biology and Conservation, February 2004. International Sea Turtle Society. San Jose, Costa Rica.
Presentations Stokes, L.; Blair, K.; Wyneken, J.; Marsh, J.; Baird, C.; Crowder, Larry B. 2004. Seasonal and latitudinal assessment of early growth rates in northern and southeastern loggerhead sea turtles (Caretta caretta) from U.S. beaches. 24th Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biodiversity and Conservation, February 2004. International Sea Turtle Society. San Jose, Costa Rica.
Presentations Wyneken, J.; Blair, K.; Epperly, S.; Vaughan, J.; Crowder, Larry B. 2004. Surprising sex ratios in NW Atlantic loggerhead hatchlings: An unexpected skew to females. 24th Annual Symposium on Sea Turtle Biodiversity and Conservation, February 2004. International Sea Turtle Society. San Jose, Costa Rica.