NCEAS Project 9280

The evolution of behavior and the structure of ecological networks

  • Carlos J. Melian


ActivityDatesFurther Information
Postdoctoral Fellow22nd February 2005—21st February 2008Participant List  
Graduate Student1st April—30th June 2006Participant List  

Abstract
Most studies on community ecology have focused on single interaction types (i.e., antagonistic, mutualistic, or competitive). On the other hand, the bulk of behavioral studies have considered interactions among individuals within the same species (i.e., group behavior or group size). To improve our understanding of community structure, I propose to investigate the interdependence between group behavior and the structure of ecological networks integrating multiple interaction types. First, I will introduce behavioral strategies among species within the framework of gametheoretic models. Second, I will complement existing database on food webs by introducing species group size and di_erent interaction types. Third, I will use this enlarged database to test alternative behavioral models of network built up to determine mechanisms generating the structure of ecological networks. This research should provide a first step toward understanding the role of group behavior in the structure of ecological networks with multiple interaction types. The relevance of this work relies on the integration of behavioral and community ecology.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Carnicer, Jofre; Jordano, Pedro D.; Melian, Carlos J. 2009. The temporal dynamics of resource use by frugivorous birds: A network approach. Ecology. Vol: 90(7). Pages 1958-1970.
Journal Article Fortuna, Miguel A.; Melian, Carlos J. 2007. Do scale-free regulatory networks allow more expression than random ones?. Journal of Theoretical Biology. Vol: 247. Pages 331-336.
Presentations Melian, Carlos J. 2006. Does topology alter persistence in a complex mutualist/antagonist ecological network?. Workshop on Advances in Food Webs. Yokohama, Japan.
Journal Article Melian, Carlos J. 2006. Review of "Plant-pollinator interactions: What are they telling us about community assembly conservation and ecosystem management" . Ecology. Vol: 87(10). Pages 2683-2685.
Presentations Melian, Carlos J. 2007. Evolution in multilevel complex networks. Santa Fe Institute, February 2007. Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Presentations Melian, Carlos J. 2007. Unifying diversity evolution in multilevel biological networks. Microsoft Research Cambridge, November 2007. Cambridge, UK.
Data Set Melian, Carlos J. 2008. Ecological Network with Mutualistic-Antagonistic Interactions. (Online version)
Presentations Melian, Carlos J. 2008. Exploring biodiversity numbers for multilevel biological networks. Seminar Series Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Orgasmal Biology, 1 7 November 2008. Iowa state university.
Journal Article Melian, Carlos J.; Bascompte, Jordi; Jordano, Pedro D.; Krivan, Vlastimil. 2009. Diversity in a complex ecological network with two interaction types. Oikos. Vol: 118. Pages 122-130.
Journal Article Olesen, Jens M.; Dupont, Yoko L.; O'Gorman, Eoin; Ings, Thomas C.; Layer, Katrin; Melian, Carlos J.; Trojelsgaard, Kristian; Pichler, Doris E.; Rasmussen, Claus; Woodward, Guy. 2010. From Broadstone to Zackenberg: Space, time, and hierarchies in ecological networks. Advances in Ecological Research. Vol: 42(10). Pages 1-69.
Book Chapter Sabo, John L.; Beisner, Beatrix E.; Berlow, Eric L.; Cuddington, Kim; Hastings, Alan; Koen-Alonso, Mariano; Kokkoris, Giorgos D.; McCann, Kevin S.; Melian, Carlos J.; Moore, John C. 2006. Population dynamics and food web structure: Predicting measurable food web properties with minimal detail and resolution. Edited by Ruiter, Peter C. de; Wolters, Volkmar;Moore, John C. Dynamic Food Webs: Multispecies Assemblages, Ecosystem Development and Environmental Change.
Journal Article Vazquez, Diego P.; Melian, Carlos J.; Williams, Neal M.; Bluthgen, Nico; Krasnov, Boris R.; Poulin, Robert. 2007. Species abundance and asymmetric interaction strength in ecological networks. Oikos. Vol: 116. Pages 1120-1127.