NCEAS Project 9340

Ecosystem-based management for the oceans: The role of zoning

  • Gail Osherenko
  • Satie Airame
  • Larry B. Crowder
  • Elliott A. Norse
  • Oran R. Young

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group10th—15th March 2005Participant List  
Working Group17th—20th November 2005Participant List  
Graduate Student1st January—31st March 2006Participant List  
Working Group19th—23rd June 2006Participant List  
Working Group8th—11th February 2007Participant List  

Members Only Area

Abstract
The proposed working group on Ocean Ecosystem Management will explore the role of place-based systems in achieving ecosystem-based ocean management. The U.S. Commission on Ocean Policy (2004) and the Pew Oceans Commission (2003) both recommend ecosystem-based management of the 4.4 million square miles of ocean within the jurisdiction of the United States. The Pew Oceans Commission Report, as well as numerous scientists, managers, and advocacy organizations, has called for development of ocean zoning as a key component of ecosystem-based management. Ocean zoning is the authoritative regulation and allocation of access and use to specific marine geographic areas. Zoning systems aim to separate competing uses, reduce conflict, increase certainty among users, and protect sensitive marine resources. Fisheries management has increasingly used spatial regulation to determine access, protect nursing and spawning areas, reduce gear impacts, etc. More recently, place-based marine management is growing through the establishment of marine protected areas (MPAs), including fully protected no-take reserves and areas offering protection from a limited set of uses. This working group will bring together ecologists and social scientists to explore the concept, practice, and opportunities for ocean zoning in a unique political and social climate primed for change. We will focus particularly on the question of whether or not and how zoning systems can be used to implement ecosystem-based management of oceans within the jurisdiction of the United States. The working group goals are to: (1) compile and synthesize information on existing systems of ocean zoning and their ecological and social impacts, (2) compile and synthesize available ecological and social data necessary to design and develop effective zoning systems, (3) develop the concept of ocean zoning within the context of ecosystem based management, and (4) design a set of principles and policies for creation of sustainable and resilient ecosystem-based ocean zoning systems. We have identified a group of leading thinkers engaged in developing an understanding of the complex ecological and social dynamics of ocean systems. The resources of NCEAS will enable us to bring these experts together to advance our understanding of marine ecosystems and our ability to implement scientifically based and effective ecosystem management.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Carollo, C.; Reed, Dave J.; Ogden, John C.; Palandro, D. 2009. The importance of data discovery and management in advancing ecosystem-based management. Marine Policy. Vol: 33. Pages 651-653.
Journal Article Crowder, Larry B.; Osherenko, Gail; Young, Oran R.; Alrame, S.; Norse, Elliott A.; Baron, Nancy; Day, Jon; Douvere, Fanny; Ehler, Charles; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Langdon, Stephen J.; McLeod, Karen L.; Ogden, John C.; Peach, Robbin; Rosenberg, Andrew A.; Wilson, James. 2006. Sustainability - Resolving mismatches in US ocean governance. Science. Vol: 313. Pages 617-618.
Journal Article Crowder, Larry B.; Norse, Elliott A. 2008. Essential ecological insights for marine ecosystem-based management and marine spatial planning. Marine Policy. Vol: 32. Pages 772-778.
Presentations Douvere, Fanny. 2007. From concept to practice: Global perspectives on ecosystem-based, marine spatial management. Nordic Workshop on Marine Spatial Planning. Copenhagen, Denmark.
Data Set Ekstrom, Julie. 2007. Digital library of management laws: California current large marine ecosystem. (Abstract) (Online version)
Journal Article Ekstrom, Julie; Young, Oran R.; Gaines, Steven D.; Gordon, Maria; McCay, Bonnie J. 2009. A tool to navigate overlaps in fragmented ocean governance. Marine Policy. Vol: 33. Pages 532-535.
Journal Article Ekstrom, Julie; Young, Oran R. 2009. Evaluating functional fit between a set of institutions and an ecosystem. Ecology and Society. Vol: 14 (2). Resiliance Alliance. Pages art16. (Online version)
Journal Article Halpern, Benjamin S.; McLeod, Karen L.; Rosenberg, Andrew A.; Crowder, Larry B. 2008. Managing for cumulative impacts in ecosystem-based management through ocean zoning. Ocean & Coastal Management. Vol: 51. Pages 203-211.
Book Chapter Kim, Kiho; Gulland, Frances; Harvell, Drew. 2005. Diseases and the conservation of marine biology. Edited by Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 149-166.
Presentations Morgan, Lance. 2006. Deep seabed ecosystems within and beyond California waters. . The World Ocean and California: Critical Issues Beyond State Boundaries. California and the World Ocean ’06 Conference, 2006 . Long Beach, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2005. Conserving places: An emerging paradigm in marine ecosystem-based management. SuperSpeaker Lecture, Duke University Marine Laboratory, 2005. Beaufort, NC.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2005. Institutional mismatches constrain the diagnosis and treatment of declining oceans ecosystems. First International Marine Protected Areas Congress, 2005. Geelong Victoria, Australia.
Book Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B. 2005. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 470.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2005. Protecting the sacred waters: Marine ecosystem-based management in Haida Gwaii. Queen Charlotte Islands Community Hall, 2005. Skidegate BC, Canada.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2005. The end of the blue frontier: A new vision for our oceans. University of Washington, 2005. Seattle, WA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2006. Big eddy: Creating a bigger vision for our shared ocean resources. Big Eddy Symposium, 2006. Tofino BC.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2006. Comprehensive ocean zoning: A new paradigm for ocean management in the United States. Management for Spatial and Temporal Complexity in Ocean Ecosystems at Society for Conservation Biology Annual Meeting, 2006. San Jose, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2006. Ecosystem approach to protecting, recovering and sustainably using marine biodiversity. Protected Species Stock Assessment Improvement Plan Tier III Workshop. Silver Spring, MD.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2006. Ecosystem-based management: Applying lessons learned to areas beyond national jurisdiction. The World Ocean and California: Critical Issues Beyond State Boundaries; California and the World Ocean ’06 Conference, 2006. Long Beach, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2006. Marine biodiversity, ecological interconnections and management information needs. Approaches for Researching the Roles of Marine and Coastal Biodiversity in Maintaining Ecosystem Services, 2006. Washington DC.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2006. The end of the blue frontier: A new vision for our oceans. Ocean Zoning: Examples of Ecosystem-Based Governance; California and the World Ocean ’06 Conference, 2006. Long Beach, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2007. End of blue frontier and the new paradigm for ocean management. Capitol Hill Ocean Week, 2007. Washington DC.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2007. Marine ecosystem-based management: An essential, overdue paradigm shift. H. Burr Steinbach Visiting Scholar Lecture at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, . Woods Hole, MA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A.; Young, Oran R.; Wilson, James. 2007. Roving bandits, complex systems, and the closing blue frontier. American Association for the Advancement of Science Annual Meeting, 2007. San Francisco, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A.; Morgan, Lance; Ekstrom, Julie. 2007. Spatial management: an ecosystem-based way of protecting marine biodiversity and separating incompatible uses. Coastal Zone 2007. Portland, OR.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2008. Areas beyond national jurisdiction: The final frontier for marine conservation and management. IUCN World Conservation Congress. Barcelona, Spain.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2008. Comprehensive ecosystem-based ocean zoning: From Australian concept to American reality. Monterey Institute for International Studies, 2008. Monterey, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2008. Marine spatial fisheries management: Shifting the paradigm to work the problem. Mote Symposium on Spatial Dimensions of Fisheries, 2008. Sarasota, FL.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. A new vision, a new way: Ecosystem-based spatial management. NOAA’s National Ocean Council, 2009. Silver Spring, MD.
Journal Article Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Conservation is a policy goal, not a use. Marine Ecosystems and Management. Vol: 3(1). Pages 1.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Ecosystem-based ocean planning: From Australia to North America. Pacific North Coast Integrated Management Area Forum, 2009. Pages Richmond BC, Canada.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. From MPAs to comprehensive ecosystem-based spatial management. Consultative Group on Biological Diversity’s Marine Working Group Meeting. Laguna Beach, CA.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Marine spatial planning: A paradigm shift now underway. Pew Fellows in Marine Conservation Annual Meeting, 2009. Sebasco, ME.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Marine spatial planning: How, why and sticking points. The Interagency Ocean Policy Task Force Working Committee. Washington DC.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Remote surveillance to support ecosystem-based spatial management. Surveillance and Enforcement of Remote Marine Areas workshop, 2009. Silver Spring, MD.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Technologies for ecosystem-based marine spatial management. Capitol Hill Oceans Week, 2009. Washington DC.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. The end of the blue frontier: Managing places in the sea. NOAA’s National Ocean Council, 2009. Silver Spring, MD.
Presentations Norse, Elliott A. 2009. Three stages in the evolution of marine ecosystem-based management: ‘Exploitation everywhere,’ marine reserves, and comprehensive ecosystem-based ocean zoning. International Marine Conservation Congress, May 2009. Fairfax, VA.
Journal Article Norse, Elliott A. 2010. Ecosystem-based spatial planning and management of marine fisheries: Why and how?. Bulletin of Marine Science. Vol: 86(2). Pages 179–195.
Journal Article Palumbi, Stephen R.; Sandifer, Paul; Allan, J. David; Beck, Michael W.; Fautin, Daphne G.; Fogarty, Michael J.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Incze, Lewis S.; Leong, Jo-Ann C.; Norse, Elliott A.; Stachowicz, John J.; Wall, Diana H. 2009. Managing for ocean biodiversity to sustain marine ecosystem services. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Vol: 7(4). Pages 204–211.
Book Chapter Roberts, Callum. 2005. Marine protected areas and biodiversity conservation. Edited by Norse, Elliott A.; Crowder, Larry B.. Marine Conservation Biology: The Science of Maintaining the Sea's Biodiversity. Island Press. Washington, D.C.. Pages 265-279.
Report or White Paper Wilkinson, T.; Wilken, E.; Bezaury-Creel, J.; Hourigan, T.; Agardy, Tundi; Herrmann, H.; Janishevski, L.; Madden, C.; Morgan, Lance; Padilla, M. 2009. Marine ecoregions of North America. Commission for Environmental Cooperation. Montreal, Canada.
Journal Article Young, Oran R.; Osherenko, Gail; Ekstrom, Julie; Crowder, Larry B.; Ogden, John C.; Wilson, James; Day, Jon; Douvere, Fanny; Ehler, Charles; McLeod, Karen L.; Halpern, Benjamin S.; Peach, Robbin. 2007. Solving the crisis in ocean governance: Place-based management of marine ecosystems. Environment. Vol: 49. Pages 21-32. (Online version)