Élie Metchnikoff (1845-1916)

Russian embryologist and immunologist; founder of comparative pathology whose influential phagocyte theory had a basis in natural selection. At first skeptical but open-minded about Darwinism, he eventually became a forceful advocate of evolution who encouraged the integration of advances such as Mendelian genetics and the mutation theory into Darwinism. Collaborated with A. Kowalevsky. His first named is now Romanized as Ilya.

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