Louis Pasteur (1822-1895)

"...admit the doctrine of spontaneous generation and the history of creation and the origin of the organic world is no more difficult than this. Take a drop of sea water containing some nitrogenous material, some mucus, some fertile jelly as it is called, and in the midst of it the first beings of creation take birth spontaneously. Little by little they transform themselves and climb from rank to rank, for example, to insects after 10,000 years and no doubt to monkeys and man after 100,000 years."

The greatest French scientist in history. A reactionary conservative, Pasteur opposed evolutionism on the grounds that it was materialistic and atheistic. Because evolution was associated with spontaneous generation in France, Pasteur's successful "experimental" campaign against the latter doctrine in the 1860's intensified the nation's existing opposition to evolutionary theory. Although, most of Pasteur's research was on other topics, several of them did touch on the origin of life problem: crystallography, fermentation, pasteurization, and the development of vaccines against such diseases as avian cholera, anthrax, and most famously rabies. Pasteur's work contributed immensely to acceptance of the germ theory of disease.

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