Vladimir Kowalevsky (1842-1883)

"...no one undestands my work and cannot even read it... In general, I find the life here unbearable and I bitterly resent my decision to return from abroad, since I see no prospect of employment here." (1874)

Russian mammal paleontologist. His studies of ungulates were among the first to construct detailed, explicitly evolutionary phylogenetic sequences of fossils that involved specific adaptive hypotheses. His work on the evolution of the horse inspired Huxley, who accepted his European sequence leading from Paleotherium to Anchitherium to Hipparion to Equus (a more correct sequence based on North American fossils was soon described by Marsh). Darwin's closest correspondent in Russia, he translated several of Darwin's books, as well as many other works in natural history by authors like and Lyell. Brother of the famous Darwinian embryologist Alexandr Kowalevsky. Committed suicide. The modern Romanization of his name is Kovalevskii.

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