Developing a Theory of Marine Reserves November 8-10


Participants: Gary Allison, Oregon State University; Sandy Andelman, University of California, Santa Barbara; Loo Botsford, University of California, Davis; George Branch, University of Cape Town; Mark Carr, University of California, Santa Cruz; Juan Carlos Castilla, Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile; Patty Debenham, Sea Web; Jenny Dugan, University of California, Santa Barbara; Ginny Eckert, University of California, Santa Barbara; Steve Gaines, University of California, Santa Barbara; Leah Gerber, University of Washington; Brian Grantham, Oregon State University ; Alan Hastings, University of California, Davis; Eileen Hofmann, Old Dominion University; John Largier, University of California, San Diego; Jane Lubchenco, Oregon State University ; Deborah McArdle, University of California, Sea Grant; Joe Neigel, University of Southwest Louisiana; Steve Palumbi, Harvard University; Callum Roberts, University of York; Mary Ruckelshaus, National Marine Fisheries Service; Alan Shanks, University of Oregon; Megumi Strathmann, University of Washington; Richard Strathmann, University of Washington; Bob Warner, University of California, Santa Barbara.



The Marine Reserves Working Group met at NCEAS November 8-10 to review and summarize progress, spend time working in small groups, and to agree on an approach for communicating our initial results to the ecological and resource management communities. We envision that one of the first products from our group will be a special issue of Ecological Applications on marine reserves. The publication will present a series of papers that a) synthesize pertinent ecological information; b) present an initial set of models that will provide the basis for a theory of marine reserves; and c) provide a set of simplified rules, based on scientific principles, to assist with real world management and policy decisions about the establishment, management and biological monitoring of marine reserves. The specific papers we anticipate in this volume are outlined below.



Data Synthesis


Community dispersal profiles for near shore benthic communities


Identification and characterization of dispersal distances for model species


Comparisons of marine and terrestrial ecosystems: implications for the design, evaluation and effectivness of marine reserves


Species-area relationships and the design of marine reserves


Implications of large-scale disturbances for marine reserves


Models for Marine Reserves


What do existing models of marine reserves tell us?


Optimal spacing of marine reserves in the context of catastrophes


When can reserves increase sustainable yields?


The effects of environmental variability and uncertainty on the design of marine reserve networks


When do marine reserves work? An analytical approach to evaluate population persistence, given different combinations of marine reserve size and configurations


Sensitivity of measures of success of marine reserves to model complexity, species life history, and fishing pressure

Circulation and biological dispersal: implicatons for marine reserves


Flow field interactions with larval dispersal and the direct modelling of reserve effect on population presistence


Effects of reserves on species embedded in ecosystems - how non-target species are influenced by marine reserve placement


Rules for Establishing, Managing and Monitoring Marine Reserves


Criteria for selection and prioritization of reserve location and methods for applying criteria


Evaluation of reserve effectiveness worldwide