SNAP: Science for People and Nature announces the addition of four new Working Groups to its growing portfolio of solution-oriented scientific inquiries – from exploring how video games could overturn entrenched perceptions about climate change to using evidence-based conservation to make the right decisions for people and nature. The four new working groups are:
Most comprehensive Ocean Health score – Global Oceans score of 67 out of 100
The third annual update from the Ocean Health Index, a partnership led by scientists from UC Santa Barbara's NCEAS and Conservation International, is the first to include scores for Antarctica and the Southern Ocean (72 out of 100*) and the 15 ocean regions beyond national jurisdiction (67 out of 100 for the high seas areas). Together with the 220 Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) measured in 2012 and 2013, the Index now measures all of the oceans on planet Earth. More>
Understanding the causes of species richness across the latitudinal gradient is still elusive. The Botanical Information and Ecology Network (BIEN) Working Group at NCEAS compared a range of ecological theories for explaining biodiversity, such as neutral dynamics, competitive exclusion, and environmental filtering, for how well these predict functional diversity at varying scales. They found that patterns of functional trait diversity are not consistent with any one theory of biodiversity. These conflicting results indicate that no single biodiversity theory considered alone is able to explain the latitudinal gradient of species diversity in terms of functional trait space. The findings of this analysis recently appeared in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS). More>
NCEAS now seeks a Postdoctoral Associate to conduct synthesis research for the Gulf of Alaska while in residence at NCEAS for two years starting Fall/Winter 2014. Successful candidates will utilize data gathered by NCEAS, along with other existing information, to conduct and publish holistic synthesis and analyses of driving processes and perturbations within complex ecosystem of the Gulf of Alaska. Postdoctoral Associates will pursue their own independent synthesis of the available Gulf of Alaska data while also collaborating with two Gulf of Alaska long-term synthesis Working Groups. Applications are due by October 1, 2014. More>
From September 2 to 4, more than 70 scientists from all over the world gathered in Santa Barbara for the first-ever Open Science Codefest. OSCodefest brought together computer programmers and environmental scientists who typically work in isolation to collaborate, problem solve, code, and share skills. This conference was organized to stimulate productivity and community building, while providing ample opportunities for collaborative coding and design sessions. By the conclusion of the meeting, over 20 breakout sessions had been completed, and these new collaborations for skill-sharing and product generation will continue long beyond OSCodefest. More>
NCEAS seeks a Scientific Programmer/Analyst (Computer and Network Technologist III) to consult with and advise NCEAS researchers on efficient, appropriate, and powerful computational and informatics approaches for advancing scientific investigations. The Scientific Programmer/Analyst will develop, test, and support analyses and informatics products using best-of-class and open-science inspired technologies. The ideal candidate will give formal instruction, as well as ad hoc assistance in the use of these cutting edge solutions. The Scientific Programmer/Analyst works with NCEAS developers and cyber-infrastructure collaborators to optimize interoperability and long-term sustainability of these codebases and datasets as generalized resources for ecological and conservation science researchers. More>
Scientists from the National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) and Conservation International conducted the first regional assessment by the Ocean Health Index on United States Waters. This regional assessment studied 5 regions on the west coast of America: Southern, Central & Northern California, Oregon State and Washington State. Results from this study were published in the online journal PLOS ONE. More>
The U.S. Department of State will host the first “Our Ocean” Conference - focused on sustainable fisheries, marine pollution, and ocean acidification - on June 16-17, 2014, in Washington, D.C.. Secretary of State John Kerry has made ocean issues a top priority for the Department. Long-time NCEAS Associate and Professor of the Bren School, Ben Halpern, will be speak on the first day of the conference about Ocean Health Index - an assessment designed to evaluate the economic, social, and ecological uses and benefits that people derive from the ocean. As the lead scientist for the Ocean Health Index, Dr. Halpern will join experts in the field to discuss the state of the science on marine issues, explore the challenges facing the oceans, and share the solutions that are being applied successfully. More>
This summer, UC Santa Barbara’s National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis (NCEAS) and University of North Carolina’s Renaissance Computing Institute (RENCI) are offering a unique bi-coastal training, Open Science for Synthesis (OSS), for early career scientists who want to learn new software and technology skills needed for open, collaborative, and reproducible synthesis research.
In recent years, wood-infesting insects have caused serious environmental and economic damage in the United States and around the world, catching public and regulatory attention. Wood packaging material (WPM), such as shipping pallets, is one of the common ways wood pests move freely one country to another. In 2002, the International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures No. 15 (ISPM15) was adopted setting standards for treatment for WPM used for international trade. An NCEAS Working Group combed federal records to determine the effectiveness of international policy The results of their efforts were recently published in PLOS ONE and Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. More>
Past research on marine health and biodiversity consistently shows that coral reefs play a vital role in overall ocean health. A new study, led by Michael Beck, PI for the Science for Nature and People (SNAP) Coastal Defenses Working Group and a scientist for The Nature Conservancy, suggests the world's reefs can also offer substantial and quantifiable benefits for the world's human population. The results from this quantitative meta-analysis were published this week in Nature Communications. More>
In the wake of increasing geopolitical tensions with Russia, the Arctic Options project of UC Santa Barbara is taking steps to extend science diplomacy and international collaboration by developing a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) for academic and research cooperation with MGIMO University (Moscow State University of International Relations), which is affiliated with the Russian Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
The NCEAS Arctic Options project has an emphasis on three regions: 1) Bering Strait between Alaska and Russia; 2) High Seas of the Arctic Ocean beyond national jurisdictions; and 3) Marine coastal zone of West Greenland. Collaboration with legal experts and scholars from Russia is necessary to support research activities in the Bering Strait, including the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea, which involves the jurisdiction of the Russian Federation. More>