Testing the importance of ecological theory in predicting human disease: Does avian diversity and community structure predict the incidence of human West Nile virus infection?

Principal Investigators:

John P. Swaddle

West Nile virus affects bird and mammal populations worldwide and is recognized as an emerging disease of substantial public health, veterinary, and conservation concern. The virus primarily infects and replicates in birds but also affects “unintended” hosts, such as humans, when local bird communities have high levels of infection. Some bird species are much more likely to harbor the virus than others, and ecological theory predicts that the structure of local bird communities affects the amount of virus in the area and the chances of humans... more

Participants and Meetings

A group photo is coming soon.
ActivityDatesFurther Information
Sabbatical Fellow1st October 2007—31st May 2008Participant List  

Participant Contact Information

John P. Swaddlejpswad@wm.eduCollege of William and Mary

Products: Publications, Reports, Datasets, Presentations, Visualizations

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Data Set Swaddle, John P. 2008. Avian community structure and incidence of human West Nile infection. (Online version)
Journal Article Swaddle, John P.; Calos, Stavros E. 2008. Increased avian diversity is associated with lower incidence of human West Nile infection: Observation of the dilution effect. PLoS ONE. Vol: 3(6). Pages e2488.
"Testing the importance of ecological theory in predicting human disease: Does avian diversity and community structure predict the incidence of human West Nile virus infection?" is project ID: 12094