Global expansion of jellyfish blooms: Magnitude, causes and consequences

Principal Investigators:

Robert H. Condon, Carlos M. Duarte, and William M. Graham

Jellyfish are an important and often conspicuous component of oceanic food webs. During the past several decades, dramatic spatial increases and temporal shifts in jellyfish distributions have been reported around the world. Undoubtedly there are associated ecological ramifications such as food web and biogeochemical pathway alterations. Moreover, socio-economic impacts include damage to fisheries, industry and tourism. However, reports have remained local in scope, and scientists agree that a composite understanding of the extent of the problem... more

Participants and Meetings

Working Group Participants
ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group28th January—1st February 2010Participant List  
Working Group5th—10th May 2010Participant List  
Working Group17th—22nd November 2010Participant List  
Working Group28th October—2nd November 2011Participant List  
Working Group20th—24th February 2012Participant List  

Participant Contact Information

Lucas Brotzl.brotz [at] fisheries.ubc.caUniversity of British Columbia
Craig Carlsoncarlson [at] lifesci.ucsb.eduUniversity of California, Santa Barbara
Robert H. Condoncondonr [at] uncw.eduBermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS)
Michael N. Dawsonmdawson [at] ucmerced.eduUniversity of California, Merced
Mary Beth Deckermarybeth.decker [at] yale.eduYale University
Carlos M. Duartecarlos.duarte [at] Mediterraneo de Estudios Avanzados
William M. Grahammonty.graham [at] usm.eduDauphin Island Sea Laboratory
Steven H.D. Haddockhaddock [at] mbari.orgMonterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute
Cathy H. Lucascathy.lucas [at] of Southampton
Alenka Malejalenka.malej [at] mbss.orgMorska Bioloska Postaja Piran
Hermes W. Mianzanhermes [at] Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Pesquero
Kylie A. Pittk.pitt [at] University
Jennifer E. Purcelljennifer.purcell [at] wwu.eduWestern Washington University
Kelly L. Robinsonkrobinson [at] disl.orgDauphin Island Sea Laboratory
Kentaro SuzukiBermuda Institute of Ocean Sciences (BIOS)
Shin-ichi Uyesuye [at] University
Lei Hulhu [at] disl.orgDauphin Island Sea Laboratory
Claudia E. Millscemills [at] u.washington.eduUniversity of Washington
Kelly C. Rakow Sutherlandkrsuth [at] caltech.eduCalifornia Institute of Technology
Paul A. del Giorgiodel_giorgio.paul [at] uqam.caUniversité du Québec, Montreal
Stefan Gelcichsgelcich [at] bio.puc.clPontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Laurence P. Madinlmadin [at] whoi.eduWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Lily Whitemanlwhitema [at] nsf.govNational Science Foundation
Juli Berwaldjuliberwald [at] gmail.comWoods Hole Oceanographic Institution
Molly Bogebergmbogeberg [at] gmail.comDauphin Island Sea Laboratory
Richard Brodeurrick.brodeur [at] noaa.govOregon State University
Tammi Richardsonrichardson [at] of South Carolina
Jim Regetzregetz [at] nceas.ucsb.eduUniversity of California, Santa Barbara
Mark P. Schildhauerschild [at] nceas.ucsb.eduUniversity of California, Santa Barbara

Products: Publications, Reports, Datasets, Presentations, Visualizations

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Data Set Burrell, Victor G. 2011. Chesapeake Bay, York River and Pamunkey River Ctenophore study 1968-1969. (Online version)
Data Set Coleman, Noel. 2011. Australian jellyfish fishery development and assessment data, 2000-2002. (Online version)
Data Set Condon, Robert H.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Graham, William M.; Robinson, Kelly L. 2011. Norwegian fjord jellyfish literature, 1993-2003. (Online version)
Data Set Condon, Robert H. 2011. VIMS jellyfish survey, Chesapeake Bay, 2003-2006. (Online version)
Journal Article Condon, Robert H.; Graham, William M.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Haddock, Steven H.D.; Rakow Sutherland, Kelly C.; Robinson, Kelly L.; Dawson, Michael N.; Decker, Mary Beth; Mills, Claudia E.; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Malej, Alenka; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Uye, Shin-ichi; Gelcich, Stefan; Madin, Laurence P. 2012. Questioning the rise of gelatinous zooplankton in the world's oceans. BioScience. Vol: 62(2). Pages 160-169. (Online version)
Journal Article Condon, Robert H.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Robinson, Kelly L.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Bogeberg, Molly; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Decker, Mary Beth; Uye, Shin-ichi; Madin, Laurence P.; Brodeur, Richard; Haddock, Steven H.D.; Malej, Alenka; Parry, Gregory D.; Eriksen, Elena; Quiñones, Javier; Acha, Marcelo; Harvey, Michel; Arthur, James M.; Graham, William M. 2012. Recurrent jellyfish blooms are a consequence of global oscillations. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Vol: 110(3). Pages 1000-1005. (Online version)
Journal Article Costello, J. H.; Bayha, K. M.; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Shiganova, T. A.; Purcell, Jennifer E. 2012. Transitions of Mnemiopsis leidyi (Ctenophora: Lobata) from a native to an exotic species: A review. Hydrobiologia. Vol: 690. Pages 21-46. (Online version)
Journal Article Duarte, Carlos M.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Uye, Shin-ichi; Robinson, Kelly L.; Brotz, Lucas; Decker, Mary Beth; Rakow Sutherland, Kelly C.; Malej, Alenka; Madin, Laurence P.; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Gili, Josep-Maria; Fuentes, Verónica; Atienza, Dacha; Pagés, Francesc; Breitburg, Denise L.; Malek, Jennafer; Graham, William M. 2012. Is global ocean sprawl a cause of jellyfish blooms?. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment.
Data Set Franz, H. G.; van der Veer, H. W.; Daan, R.; van der Bann, S. M.; Miller, R. J. 2011. Dutch coastal waters jellyfish literature, 1961- 1985. (Online version)
Data Set Gibbons, Mark. 2011. Gibbons, pelagic recruit surveys, South Africa, 1988-1997. (Online version)
Data Set Gonzalez, Humberto E. 2011. Humboldt Current survey, Concepción, Chile,2002-2009. (Online version)
Journal Article Graham, William M.; Gelcich, Stefan; Robinson, Kelly L.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Brotz, Lucas; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Madin, Laurence P.; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Rakow Sutherland, Kelly C.; Uye, Shin-ichi; Pitt, Kylie A.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Bogeberg, Molly; Brodeur, Richard; Condon, Robert H. 2014. Linking human well-being and jellyfish: Ecosystem services, impacts, and societal responses . Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Vol: 12(9). Pages 515-523.
Data Set Haddock, Steven H.D. 2011. MBARI ROV video records, 1989-2008. (Online version)
Data Set Henschke, Natasha; Suthers, Iain; Baird, Mark E.; Everett, Jason. 2011. Salp counts, Tasman Sea off south eastern NSW (Australia), 2008. (Online version)
Data Set Hudson, Russell J.; Walker, Terence I. 2011. Distribution of the jellyfish Catostylus mosaicus in Port Phillip Bay and Westernport, 1997-1999. (Online version)
Data Set Klein, Carissa J. 2011. Hydromedusa community composition in Kachemak Bay, Alaska, 2007-2010. (Online version)
Data Set Lehtiniemi, Maiju. 2011. EcoJel jellyfish survey of the Irish Sea, 2003-2005. (Online version)
Data Set Lehtiniemi, Maiju. 2011. Northern Baltic Sea comb jellies, 2007-2010. (Online version)
Data Set Licandro, Priscilla. 2010. CPR (continuous plankton recorder) survey. (Online version)
Journal Article Lucas, Cathy H.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Lebrato, Mario; Condon, Robert H. 2011. What's in a jellyfish? Proximate and elemental composition and biometric relationships for use in biogeochemical studies. Ecology. Vol: 92(8). Pages 1704-1704. (Online version)
Journal Article Lucas, Cathy H.; Jones, Daniel O. B.; Hollyhead, Catherine J.; Condon, Robert H.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Graham, William M.; Robinson, Kelly L.; Pitt, Kylie A.; Schildhauer, Mark P.; Regetz, Jim. 2014. Gelatinous zooplankton biomass in the global oceans: Geographic variation and environmental drivers. Global Ecology and Biogeography. Vol: 23(7). Pages 701-714.
Data Set Madin, Laurence P. 2011. Madin bluewater dive ISSP cruise Oct. 2007 - Celebes' sea jellyfishgroup. (Online version)
Data Set Madin, Laurence P. 2011. Madin Phoenix Islands Protected Area blue water diving - 2008. (Online version)
Data Set Malej, Alenka. 2011. 200 year Adriatic Sea jellyfish data, 1790-2009. (Online version)
Data Set Milos, Carna. 2011. Aurelia, rhizostoma & pelagia in the Mediterranean: 2004-2006. (Online version)
Data Set Parry, Gregory D. 2010. Catostylus mosaicus Port Phillip Bay Australia 1990-2010. (Online version)
Journal Article Pitt, Kylie A.; Duarte, Carlos M.; Lucas, Cathy H.; Sutherland, Kelly R.; Condon, Robert H.; Mianzan, Hermes W.; Purcell, Jennifer E.; Robinson, Kelly L.; Uye, Shin-ichi. 2013. Jellyfish body plans provide allometric advantages beyond low carbon content. PLoS ONE. Vol: 8(8). Pages e72683.
Data Set Purcell, Jennifer E. 2010. Chesapeake Chrysaora Purcell 1987-2005. (Online version)
Data Set Rissik, David. 2010. Catostylus mosaicus, Southeast Queensland, Australia, 2002-2010. (Online version)
Presentations Robinson, Kelly L. 2012. ASLO Ocean Sciences 2012 Poster (Title not provided). ALSO Ocean Sciences Meeting, Salt Lake City, 20-24 February2012.
Data Set Sullivan-Watts, Barbara K. 2011. Narrangansett Bay, Rhode Island, ctenophore and hydrozoa data, 2001-2010. (Online version)
"Global expansion of jellyfish blooms: Magnitude, causes and consequences" is project ID: 12479