NCEAS Project 2172

The Evidence Project: Supporting scientific claims

  • Mark L. Taper
  • Subhash R. Lele
  • Nicholas J. I. Lewin-Koh

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Working Group27th February—3rd March 1999Participant List  
Postdoctoral Fellow1st July 1999—30th June 2002Participant List  
Postdoctoral Fellow1st July 1999—30th June 2002Participant List  
Working Group22nd—29th May 2001Participant List  

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Abstract
Scientists strive to understand the operation of natural processes. To this end, they collect data both experimental and observational. The objective and quantitative interpretation of data as evidence for one hypothesis over another hypothesis is an integral part of the scientific process. None of the existing schools of statistical inference fully addresses the needs of working scientists. Scientists are forced to twist their thinking to pigeon hole their analyses into existing paradigms. We believe that a revision of statistical theory is in order, reflecting the needs of practicing ecologists. Through a dialog amongst working scientists, statisticians and philosophers this working group will seek to construct a new statistical approach focused on the quantification of evidence, which will supplement traditional paradigms. We will hone and demonstrate our approach through applications to difficult problems of ecological data analysis.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Luttbeg, Barney; Towner, Mary C.; Wandesforde-Smith, Alix; Mangel, Marc; Foster, Susan A. 2001. State-dependent mate-assessment and mate-selection behavior in female threespine sticklebacks (Gasterosteus aculeatus, Gasterosteiformes : Gasterosteidae) . Ethology. Vol: 107. Pages 545-558.
Presentations Luttbeg, Barney. 2001. The relative likelihood of alternative decision-making rules. Animal Behavior Society Meeting. Corvalis, OR.
Journal Article Luttbeg, Barney. 2002. Assessing the robustness and optimality of alternative decision rules with varying assumptions. Animal Behaviour. Vol: 63. Pages 805-814.
Presentations Luttbeg, Barney. 2002. The relative performances of alternative decision rules depend on assumptions about time, options, and imperfect information. International Behavioral Ecology Congress. Montreal, Canada.
Journal Article Luttbeg, Barney; Langen, Tom A. 2004. Comparing alternative models to empirical data: Cognitive models of western scrub-jay foraging behavior. American Naturalist. Vol: 163(2). Pages 263-276. (Abstract)
Journal Article Luttbeg, Barney. 2004. Female mate assessment and choice behavior affect the frequency of alternative male mating tactics. Behavioral Ecology. Vol: 15(2). Pages 239-247. (Abstract)
Book Taper, Mark L.; Lele, Subhash R. 2004. The Nature of Scientific Evidence: Statistical Philosophical, and Empirical Considerations. University of Chicago Press. Chicago, IL.
Journal Article Towner, Mary C. 1999. A dynamic model of human dispersal in a land-based economy. Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology. Vol: 46. Pages 82-94.
Journal Article Towner, Mary C. 2001. Linking dispersal and resources in humans. Life history data from Oakham, Massachusetts (1750-1850). Human Nature-An Interdisciplinary Biosocial Perspective. Vol: 12(4). Pages 321-349.
Journal Article Towner, Mary C. 2002. Linking dispersal and marriage in humans - Life history data from Oakham, Massachusetts, USA (1750-1850). Evolution and Human Behavior. Vol: 23. Pages 337-357.