NCEAS Project 3620

Responses of North Atlantic continental shelf ecosystems to climate variability and change

  • Charles H. Greene

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Visitor8th August—31st December 2000Participant List  
Sabbatical Fellow1st January—30th June 2001Participant List  

Abstract
During my visit to NCEAS, I will continue coordinating a working group studying the responses of North Atlantic continental shelf ecosystems to climate variability and change. The working group, entitled MERCINA (Marine Ecosystem Responses to Climate In the North Atalntic), examines how basin-scale climatic events, like the North Atlantic Oscillation (NAO), impact the coupled physical and biological processes at work in large marine ecosystems (LME's). The group will adopt a new, conceptual framework for interpreting these ecosystem responses by contrasting the relative importance of intrinsic ecosystem dynamics versus advective exchange processes. Initial analyses and modeling efforts will focus on LME's in the North Atlantic Basin, while our eventual goal is to compare and contrast climate-driven responses of shelf ecosystems in both the North Atlantic and North Pacific Oceans.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Barton, A. D.; Greene, Charles H.; Monger, Bruce; Pershing, Andrew J. 2003. The Continuous Plankton Recorder survey and the North Atlantic Oscillation: Interannual- to multidecadal-scale patterns of phytoplankton variability in the North Atlantic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography. Vol: 58(2). Pages 337-358.
Book Chapter Drinkwater, K. F.; Belgrano, Andrea; Borja, A.; Conversi, Alessandra; Edwards, Martin; Greene, Charles H.; Ottersen, G.; Pershing, Andrew J.; Walker, Henry. 2002. The response of marine ecosystems to climate variability associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Edited by Hurrell, J.; Kushnir, Y.; Ottersen, G.; and Visbeck, M.. The North Atlantic Oscillation: Climate Significance and Environmental Impact (Geophysical Monograph Series). Vol: 134. American Geophysical Union. Washington, DC. Pages 211-234.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2000. Trans-Atlantic responses of Calanus finmarchicus to basin-scale forcing associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Seminar Series, November 2000. Department of Ecology, Evolution, and Marine Biology, University of California, Santa Barbara. Santa Barbara, CA.
Presentations Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2000. Trans-Atlantic responses of Calanus finmarchicus to basin-scale forcing associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. American Geophysical Union Chapman Conference on the North Atlantic Oscillation, November 2000. Ourense, Spain.
Presentations Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2001. Trans-Atlantic responses of Calanus finmarchicus to basin-scale forcing associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. 70th Anniversary of the Continuous Plankton Recorder Surveys of North Atlantic Symposium, August 2001 . Edinburgh, Scotland.
Presentations Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2002. Model shifts in slope water circulation and the flip-side of the North Atlantic Oscillation. Ocean Sciences Meeting (Invited Symposium Speaker), February 2002. American Geophysical Union/American Society of Limnology and Oceanography. Honolulu, HI.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2002. Sound and light: Visualizing life in the ocean's interior. Kohala Center. Waimea, HI.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2003. Climate and biocomplexity: linking the oceanographic effects of climate variability to the reproductive biology of North Atlantic Right whales. Program in Atmospheric and Ocean Sciences, October 2003. University of Colorado. Boulder, Colorado.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2003. Climate and biocomplexity: Linking the oceanographic effects of climate variability to the reproductive biology of North Atlantic Right whales. Department of Biology, University of California, Santa Cruz. Santa Cruz, CA.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2003. Climate and biocomplexity: Linking the oceanographic effects of climate variability to the reproductive biology of North Atlantic Right whales. Hopkins Marine Station, Stanford University. Pacific Grove, CA.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2003. Climate and biocomplexity: Linking the oceanographic effects of climate variability to the reproductive biology of North Atlantic Right whales, August 2003. Friday Harbor Laboratories. Friday Harbor, WA.
Journal Article Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J.; Kenney, Robert D.; Jossi, Jack W. 2003. Impact of climate variability on the recovery of endangered North Atlantic right whales. Oceanography. Vol: 16(4). Pages 98-103.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2003. Ocean explorations. Keauhou Beach Resort. Kona, HI.
Journal Article Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2003. The flip-side of the North Atlantic Oscillation and modal shifts in slope-water circulation patterns. Limnology and Oceanography. Vol: 48. Pages 319-322.
Journal Article Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J.; Conversi, Alessandra; Planque, B.; Hannah, C.; Sameoto, D.; Head, E.; Smith, P. C.; Reid, P. C.; Jossi, Jack W.; Mountain, D.; Benfield, Mark; Wiebe, P. H.; Durbin, E. 2003. Trans-Atlantic responses of Calanus finmarchicus populations to basin-scale forcing associated with the North Atlantic Oscillation. Progress in Oceanography. Vol: 58(2-4). Pages 301-312.
Presentations Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2004. Biocomplexity and climate: Recovery of the North Atlantic right whale population in the context of climate-induced changes in oceanographic processes. Climate Change and Aquatic Systems (Invited Symposium Speaker), July 2004. Plymouth, England.
Journal Article Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2004. Climate and the conservation biology of North Atlantic right whales: The right whale at the wrong time?. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Vol: 2. Pages 29-34.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2004. Climate and the recovery of North Atlantic Right whales. Museum of the Earth Seminar Series, July 2004. Ithaca, New York.
Presentations Greene, Charles H.; Pershing, Andrew J. 2004. Climate variability, regime shifts, and ecosystem resiliency in the Northwest Atlantic. Managing for Resilience: An Integrated Approach to Coastal Marine Sciences and Conservation (Invited Speaker), August 2004. Friday Harbor Laboratories. Friday Harbor, WA.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2004. Oceanographic responses to climate variability in the Northwest Atlantic. Coordinating Research on the North Atlantic (CORONA) Workshop, July 2004. Plymouth, England.
Presentations Greene, Charles H. 2005. Biocomplexity and climate: Linking the conservation biology of right whales to climate-induced oceanographic changes in the North Atlantic, January 2005. School of Ocean and Earth Sciences, University of Victoria. Victoria, Canada.
Journal Article MERCINA. 2001. Oceanographic responses to climate in the Northwest Atlantic. Oceanography. Vol: 14. Pages 77-83.
Journal Article MERCINA. 2004. Supply-side ecology and the response of zooplankton to climate-driven changes in North Atlantic Ocean circulation. Oceanography. Vol: 17(3). Pages 10-21.
Book Chapter Pershing, Andrew J.; Greene, Charles H.; Planque, B.; Fromentin, J. 2004. The influence of climate variability on North Atlantic zooplankton populations. Edited by Stenseth, N. C.; Ottersen, G.; Hurrell, J.; Belgrano, A.. Ecological Effects of Climate Variations in the North Atlantic. Oxford University Press. Pages 59-69.