NCEAS Project 8321

Forest plant metapopulations in fragmented and dynamic landscapes: Synthesizing models and data

  • Mark Vellend

ActivityDatesFurther Information
Postdoctoral Fellow1st September 2004—31st July 2005Participant List  
Visitor7th—12th November 2004Participant List  

Abstract
A central goal of ecology and conservation biology is to understand the responses of populations and communities to spatial and temporal landscape heterogeneity. Many regions of Europe and eastern North America share broadly similar histories of land use over the past several centuries, with varying degrees of forest fragmentation via clearance for agriculture, and varying degrees of forest recovery on abandoned agricultural lands. Organisms in such fragmented and dynamic landscapes exist as metapopulations, but metapopulation theory has only recently begun to incorporate dynamics of the landscape itself (i.e., habitat turnover). The most data-friendly metapopulation model is the ┬┐spatially-realistic┬┐ Incidence Function Model (IFM) of Hanski. Here I propose to develop modified versions of the IFM to incorporate habitat turnover, and to use these as a theoretical framework in which to synthesize data on forest-plant patch occupancy patterns in landscapes throughout Europe and eastern North America. Data from multiple landscapes will allow models parameterized for one landscape to be tested in others. This integration of models and data will allow metapopulation dynamics and persistence to be projected under a range of scenarios of future land-use change.

TypeProducts of NCEAS Research
Journal Article Flinn, Kathryn M.; Vellend, Mark. 2005. Recovery of forest plant communities in post-agricultural landscapes. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment. Vol: 3(5). Pages 243-250.
Journal Article Srivastava, Diane S.; Vellend, Mark. 2005. Biodiversity-ecosystem function research: Is it relevant to conservation?. Annual Review of Ecology Evolution and Systematics. Vol: 36. Pages 267-294.
Journal Article Vellend, Mark; Geber, M. A. 2005. Connections between species diversity and genetic diversity. Ecology Letters. Vol: 8. Pages 767-781.
Book Chapter Vellend, Mark; Hughes, A. (Anne) Randall; Grosberg, Richard K.; Holt, Robert D. 2005. Introduction: Insights into evolution from species invasion. Edited by Sax, D. F.; Gaines, S. D.; Stachowicz, J. J.. Species Invasions: Insights to Ecology, Evolution, and Biogeography. Sinauer Associates, Inc.. Sunderland, MA.
Presentations Vellend, Mark; Verheyen, Kris; Van Calster, Hans; Jacquemyn, Hans; Kolb, Annette; Peterken, George; Hermy, Martin. 2005. Land-use history and forest plant metapopulations in dynamics landscapes. International Biogeography Society: National Conservation Training Center. Shepherdstown, WV.
Journal Article Vellend, Mark. 2005. Species diversity and genetic diversity: Parallel processes and correlated patterns. American Naturalist. Vol: 166. Pages 199-215.
Journal Article Vellend, Mark; Knight, Tiffany M.; Drake, John M. 2006. Antagonistic effects of seed dispersal and herbivory on plant migration. Ecology Letters. Vol: 9. Pages 319-326.
Journal Article Vellend, Mark; Verheyen, Kris; Jacquemyn, Hans; Kolb, Annette; Van Calster, Hans; Peterken, George; Hermy, Martin. 2006. Extinction debt of forest plants persists for more than a century following habitat fragmentation. Ecology. Vol: 87(3). Pages 542-548.
Journal Article Vellend, Mark. 2006. The consequences of genetic diversity in competitive communities. Ecology. Vol: 87(2). Pages 304-311.
Journal Article Vellend, Mark; Verheyen, Kris; Flinn, Kathryn M.; Jacquemyn, Hans; Kolb, Annette; Van Calster, Hans; Peterken, George; Graae, Bente J.; Bellemare, Jesse; Honnay, Olivier; Brunet, Jorg; Wulf, Monika; Gerhardt, Fritz; Hermy, Martin. 2007. Homogenization of forest plant communities and weakening of species-environment relationships via agricultural land use. Journal of Ecology. Vol: 95. Pages 565-573.