How are plants and animals responding to climate change? How will these ecosystem shifts affect the climate?
Since 1995, over 600 working groups have tackled critical questions across a variety of environmental themes to help advance knowledge and solutions. Here is a sampling of their discoveries by theme, or view our full project archive.
How do marine ecosystems function? How can we better manage the use of these ocean systems to continue to provide jobs, protein, transportation, and recreation?
What can we learn about the interactions between infectious disease, humans, and their environments?
What is the value of natural resources to society today?
How can we conserve biodiversity and manage scarce resources in the face of growing uncertainty?