How are plants and animals responding to climate change? How will these ecosystem shifts affect the climate?
Since 1995, over 600 working groups have tackled critical questions across a variety of environmental themes to help advance knowledge and solutions. Here is a sampling of their discoveries by theme, or view our full project archive.
How can we better manage marine ecosystems and resource use, so the ocean can continue to provide jobs, food, transportation, and recreation?
How do infectious diseases, humans, and the environment interact with each other, and what are the impacts?
What is the value of natural resources to human society and well-being?
How can we conserve biodiversity and manage scarce resources in the face of growing uncertainty?