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National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

Project Description

Food demand in Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is projected to triple between 2010 and 2050. Historically, increased food production in SSA has been achieved more through expansion of area than increasing yields, and expansion of crop land has been largely at the expense of forests and woodlands. Conversion of forests to agriculture is the primary driver of deforestation in many countries in SSA and is likely to continue for longer and at higher rates than currently projected. In other words, there are disconnects within and between sectoral policies and strategies on food production and forest conservation in a number of countries in SSA. Related particularly to underestimation of risks and trade-offs, these disconnects present a real challenge both for the achievement of national development and conservation objectives and, in SSA, for the achievement of Sustainable Development Goals 2 (ending hunger) and 15 (protect terrestrial ecosystems). The working group will address three inter-related themes: 1. Disconnects, risks and trade-offs 2. Enabling conditions for better management of risks and trade-offs 3. Future scenarios and a theory of change "Better management" implies both more effective in reconciling food production and forest conservation goals and more equitable in distribution of the benefits within and between different stakeholder groups. Fundamental to this effort will be a transdisciplinary approach including expertise in agriculture, food security, forestry and biodiversity conservation, expertise in spatial analysis and scenario-building, and expertise in political economy to explore underlying constraints to better management of the key risks and trade-offs. The initiative will focus on three countries - Ethiopia, Ghana and Tanzania - building on relevant work of the working group members, other SNAPP groups and other relevant research in these countries. The first two themes will generate a synthesis of existing data and an inventory of relevant guidance and tools for better understanding and managing risks and trade-offs related to the competition between food production and forest conservation goals. Theme three will generate alternative scenarios for food production and forest conservation, and a theory of change for transitioning to a pathway that more effectively and equitably reconciles food production and forest conservation goals. In addition to informing agriculture, food, forest and land use policy, strategy and planning in the three target countries the evidence and learning from this initiative will also have wider impact in other countries in the region that face similar challenges.

Principal Investigator(s)

Phil Franks

Project Dates

Start: July 1, 2017

End: March 31, 2019

active

Participants

Barbara Adolph
International Institute for Environment and Development
Florence Agyei Martey
Ghana Environmental Protection Agency
Ezra Berkhout
Netherlands Environmental Agency
Rachel Carmenta
University of Cambridge
Jin-ho Chung
International Institute for Environment and Development
Dorothy Effa
Alliance for a Green Revolution in Africa (AGRA)
Tom Evans
Wildlife Conservation Society
Phil Franks
International Institute for Environment and Development
Tagel Gebrehiwot
Ethiopian Development and Research Institutute
Daniel Gusenbauer
Deutsches Forschungszentrum für Künstliche Intelligenz (DFKI) GmbH - German Research Center for Artificial Intelligence
Xiaoting Hou-Jones
International Institute for Environment and Development
Habtemariam Kassa
Center for International Forestry Research
Albert Katako
Civic Response
Elizabeth King
University of Georgia
Lucy Magembe
The Nature Conservancy
Mutinta Malambo
Zambia Agriculture Research Institute (ZARI)
Charles Meshack
Tanzania Forest Conservation Group
Peter Minang
World Agroforestry Center
Jensen Montambault
The Nature Conservancy
Jacob Mwitwa
Copperbelt University
Dora Neina
University of Ghana
Hambulo Ngoma
Indaba Agricultural Policy Research Institute
Lungu Obed
University of Zambia
Peter O'Hara
Unai Pascual
Basque Centre for Climate Change
James Reed
Center for International Forestry Research
Dilys Roe
International Institute for Environment and Development
Casey Ryan
University of Edinburgh
Melanie Ryan
University of Cambridge
Marieke Sassen
Wageningen University
Yigremachew Seyoum
Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO)
Seth Shames
Ecoagriculture Partners
Tim Thomas
International Food Policy Research Institute
Joseph Tobias
Imperial College, London
Anne M. Trainor
The Nature Conservancy Africa
Bhaskar Vira
University of Cambridge
Monica Zurek
University of Oxford

Products

  1. Report or White Paper / 2019

    Food and forests: understanding agriculture and conservation trade-offs in Ghana

  2. Report or White Paper / 2016

    Managing trade-offs between growing food and conserving forests in sub-Saharan Africa

  3. Report or White Paper / 2019

    Agriculture, nature conservation or both? Managing trade-offs and synergies in sub-Saharan Africa

  4. Report or White Paper / 2019

    Conservation versus food production in Africa: better managing trade-offs

  5. Report or White Paper / 2019

    Food and forests: understanding agriculture and conservation trade-offs in Ethiopia

  6. Report or White Paper / 2019

    Creating enabling conditions for managing trade-offs between food production and forest conservation in Africa Case studies from Ethiopia and Zambia

  7. Report or White Paper / 2019

    Food and forests: understanding agriculture and conservation trade-offs in Zambia

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