Johann Gregor Mendel (1822-1884)

The discover of the mathematical laws of inheritance. Mendel's results were published in 1865 but ignored until 1900, when the geneticists de Vries and Correns simultaneously rediscovered them. A monk, Mendel was not a Darwinian and was interested in inheritance primarily because he wanted to show that permanent, new species could arise suddenly by hybridization. Mendel's results showing that second-generation hybrids produced a 3:1 ratio of the two hybrid morphologies were interpreted by later workers as evidence of particulate inheritance and the existence of dominant and recessive genes.


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