William Morton Wheeler (1865-1937)

American entomologist. Trained as an insect embryologist, but became the leading expert on behavior of social insects (especially ants). Arguably the first important ethologist in North America; popularized the term "ethology" in the English language with a 1902 paper in Science. Interested in evolution of social systems. Highly productive taxonomist. Endless list of friends and associates, including Charles Whitman, T. H. Morgan, Thomas Barbour, Raymond Pearl, and even H. L. Mencken. Skeptical about the efficacy of selection and the value of experimentation, but not really a Lamarckian.


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