NCEAS Product 25133

Buttigieg, Pier Luigi; Pafilis, Evangelos; Lewis, Suzanna E.; Schildhauer, Mark P.; Walls, Ramona L; Mungall, Chris. 2016. The environment ontology in 2016: bridging domains with increased scope, semantic density, and interoperation. Vol: 57. Pages 1-12. (Abstract) (Online version)


The Environment Ontology (ENVO;, first described in 2013, is a resource and research target for the semantically controlled description of environmental entities. The ontology's initial aim was the representation of the biomes, environmental features, and environmental materials pertinent to genomic and microbiome-related investigations. However, the need for environmental semantics is common to a multitude of fields, and ENVO's use has steadily grown since its initial description. We have thus expanded, enhanced, and generalised the ontology to support its increasingly diverse applications.