NCEAS Product 25702

Hou-Jones, Xiaoting; Franks, Phil; Chung, Jin-ho. 2019. Creating enabling conditions for managing trade-offs between food production and forest conservation in Africa Case studies from Ethiopia and Zambia. IIED. (Abstract) (Online version)


Food demand in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) is projected to more than double between 2018 and 2050. Historically, increasing food demand has been met largely through agricultural expansion – but at the expense of forests and biodiversity. To better manage competing land-use objectives for agricultural production and forest conservation, SSA countries need to look beyond technological solutions. They must adopt holistic approaches suitable for their political, economic and social contexts. This working paper aims to inspire and stimulate discussion and research on practical ways forward for SSA countries to better manage competing land-use objectives. It analyses four case studies from Ethiopia and Zambia and identifies common lessons learnt including ten enabling conditions and tried-and- tested approaches for managing trade-offs between increasing food production and forest conservation. It also highlights several important potential future research topics.