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National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

Project Description

Nearly one quarter of the world’s coastlines are dominated by the highly productive brown algae we know as kelp. Kelps serve a myriad of roles for humans – from providing food to sheltering shorelines from stormy waves. The startling diversity of life that dwells in these kelp forests provides joy to avid divers, fishers, and diners around the planet. But how will these kelp forests fare in the face of climate change? To answer this question, we are bringing together a team of international scientists who have studied these systems for decades. With data from the last century of surveys, experiments, and satellite measurements in hand, we will create a set of predictions as to how kelp forests will change in the future. These predictions will help guide the future study of kelp forests in a changing ocean.
Working Group Participants

Principal Investigator(s)

Jarrett E. Byrnes, Sean D. Connell, Mark Novak

Project Dates

Start: November 1, 2012

End: November 30, 2013



John Bolton
University of Cape Town
Jarrett E. Byrnes
University of Massachusetts-Boston
Kyle Cavanaugh
University of California, Santa Barbara
Sean D. Connell
University of Adelaide
Craig Richard Johnson
University of Tasmania
Kwang Young Kim
Chonnam National University
Brenda Konar
University of Alaska, Fairbanks
Kira Krumhansl
Dalhousie University
Scott Ling
University of Tasmania
Fiorenza Micheli
Stanford University
Kjell Magnus Norderhaug
Norwegian Institute for Water Research
Mark Novak
Oregon State University
Daniel Okamoto
University of California, Santa Barbara
Alejandro Perez-Matus
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile
Andrew Rassweiler
University of California, Santa Barbara
Anne Salomon
Simon Fraser University
Nick Shears
University of Auckland
Isabel Sousa Pinto
University of Porto
Thomas Wernberg
University of Western Australia


  1. Journal Article / In press

    Global synthesis of climate impacts on kelp forest ecosystems

  2. Journal Article / In press

    Synthetic review of multiple stressor impacts on kelp forest communities

  3. Presentations / In press

    Theoretical analysis of interactions between climate change and multiple local stressors in kelp ecosystems

  4. Journal Article / 2016

    Global patterns of kelp forest change over the past half-century

  5. Journal Article / In press

    Rates of change of global kelp abundance over 35 years

  6. Journal Article / In press

    Food web propogation of climate impacts in kelp forests systems

  7. Journal Article / In press

    Meta-analysis of kelp impacts on fish abundance

  8. Journal Article / In press

    Global biogeography of kelps

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