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National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

Project Description

Biodiversity and food- and water-security throughout the Pacific will be negatively impacted by climate change. Climate change, in combination with local stessors, will lead to the exploitation of resources, habitat transformation, and the spread of invasive species in the Pacific. Enduring these pressures will require practices and policies that best foster resilient and adaptive communities to be adopted. Unfortunately, existing research largely lacks consideration of the factors most critical to Pacific Island community resilience: the linkages between biological, social and cultural connections, otherwise known as biocultural indicators. What constitutes a biocultural indicator? A standard biological indicator is the population size of threatened fish species, whereas a standard social/cultural indicator might be the relative abundance of culturally important fish species. Biocultural resilience indicators integrate the feedbacks between people and ecosystems and could look like: Population size of slow-growing (or fast-growing) fish species that has importance to local community in terms of customary beliefs, traditions, or uses. In order to improve long-term community resilience to these changes, this Working Group will develop a biocultural approach to community planning and monitoring that incorporates the intimate connections of Pacific peoples with the land and sea. On a local scale, the Working Group’s results will enhance resilience thinking in existing management plans in Fiji, Hawai’i, and Solomon Islands. Their analysis will consist of three phases: 1) Identifying appropriate biocultural indicators and how they can be measured 2)Developing methods to scale indicators from local to global levels 3)Determining the relationships between pressures, the ‘biocultural state’, benefits, and management responses in Pacific Island communities.

Working Group Participants

Principal Investigator(s)

Tamara Ticktin, Stacy D. Jupiter, Manuel Mejia, Eleanor J. Sterling

Project Dates

Start: December 1, 2015

End: November 30, 2018



Jonh Aini
Simon Albert
University of Queensland
Pelika Andrade Bertelman
Sophie Caillon
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Jennifer E. Caselle
University of California, Santa Barbara
Joachim Claudet
Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS)
Rachel Dacks
University of Hawaii, Manoa
Emily S. Darling
University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill
Presley Dovo
Pauline Fabre
Emily Fielding
Chris Filardi
American Museum of Natural History
LeeAnne French
University of California, Santa Barbara
Alan M. Friedlander
University of Hawaii, M?noa
Samuel Gon
Hugh Govan
Steven A. Gray
University of Hawaii, Manoa
Craig Groves
The Nature Conservancy
Elise Huffer
Stacy D. Jupiter
Wildlife Conservation Society
Sol Kaho`ohalahala
Taholo Kami
Hi'ilei Kawelo
Peter Kenilorea
Natalie Kurashima
Albert C. Kwatelae
Naia Lewis
Lisa A Mandle
Stanford University
Alexander Mawyer
University of Hawaii, Manoa
Joe McCarter
American Museum of Natural History
Manuel Mejia
The Nature Conservancy
Kanoe'ulalani Morishige
University of Hawaii, Mānoa
Winifereti Nainoca
United Nations Development Programme
Lihla Noori
Hawaii Conservation Alliance (HCA)
John E. Parks
Marine Management Solutions
Puaʻala Pascua
University of Hawaii, Manoa
Mere Ratunabuabua
Paul Roughan
Etika Rupeni
Myknee Q. Sirikolo
Eleanor J. Sterling
American Museum of Natural History
Jaimie Tanguay
Vanuatu National Statistics Office
Alifereti Tawake
Anteneh T Tesfaw
Conservation International
Randy Thaman
Tamara Ticktin
University of Hawaii, Manoa
Eleni Tokaduadua
Ron Vave
University of Hawaii, Manoa
Veronica Wase
City of Majuro
Kawika B. Winter
Supin Wongbusarakum
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)


  1. Journal Article / 2021

    Assessing human well- being constructs with environmental and equity aspects: A review of the landscape

  2. Journal Article / 2018

    Biocultural Restoration of Traditional Agriculture: Cultural, Environmental, and Economic Outcomes of Lo‘i Kalo Restoration in He‘eia, O‘ahu

  3. Journal Article / 2019

    Developing biocultural indicators for resource management

  4. Journal Article / 2018

    Linking Land and Sea through Collaborative Research to Inform Contemporary applications of Traditional Resource Management in Hawaii

  5. Journal Article / 2019

    Place-based management can reduce human impacts on coral reefs in a changing climate

  6. Journal Article / 2018

    Effective Biodiversity Conservation Requires Dynamic, Pluralistic, Partnership-Based Approaches

  7. Journal Article / 2018

    Protected land: Many factors shape success

  8. Journal Article / 2019

    Ecosystem services for human health in Oceania

  9. Journal Article / 2018

    Na Kilo €ina: Visions of Biocultural Restoration through Indigenous Relationships between People and Place

  10. Dissertation or Thesis / 2017

    Small landholders battle the leaf folder: Improving livelihoods in the Solomon Islands

  11. Presentations / 2016

    Convention on Biological Diversity COP 13 SNAPP Presentation

  12. Journal Article / 2017

    Biocultural approaches to well-being and sustainability indicators across scales

  13. Journal Article / 2017

    Culturally grounded indicators of resilience in social-ecological systems

  14. Journal Article / 2018

    Biocultural approaches to indicator development in the Solomon Islands

  15. Journal Article / 2019

    Try, try again: Lessons learned from success and failure in participatory modeling

  16. Journal Article / 2020

    Creating a space for place and multidimensional well-being: lessons learned from localizing the SDGs

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