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National Center for Ecological Analysis and Synthesis

Project Description

Global policy initiatives and international conservation organizations have sought to emphasize and strengthen the link between the conservation of natural ecosystems and human development. While many indices have been developed to measure various human well-being domains of conservation intervention, the strength of evidence to support the effects, both positive and negative, of conservation interventions on human well-being, is still unclear. Rigorous and comprehensive evidence is necessary to enable efficient, defensible and targeted decisions and investment in advancing goals for improved human well-being in conservation. This working group aims to critically appraise existing evidence documenting the linkages between nature conservation, and identify distribution of existing evidence across existing interventions and outcomes. Furthermore, it will design a decision support tool to help projects assess the consequences, and potential risks, of implementing actions and making investments given condition of existing evidence base. The working group will illustrate, through piloting in case studies with WCS and TNC programs, how these data might be translated into guidance for use by project managers, policy makers and social impact investors.

Working Group Participants

Principal Investigator(s)

Madeleine McKinnon

Project Dates

Start: October 1, 2015

End: May 30, 2018



Sofia Ahlroth
World Bank
Glenn Althor
University of Queensland
Sam Anzaroot
Caitlin Augustin
University of Miami
Alison Bethel
University of Exeter
Julien Brun
University of California, Santa Barbara
Rebecca Butterfield
US Agency for International Development
Samantha Cheng
University of California, Santa Barbara
Hee-Sun Choi
Korea Environment Institute
Chris Cooper
University of Exeter
Lynn Dicks
University of East Anglia
Ruth Garside
University of Exeter
David Gill
Conservation International
Louise Glew
World Wildlife Fund
Valerie Hickey
World Bank
Margaret B. Holland
University of Maryland, Baltimore
Caroline Howe
University of Sheffield
Kelly W Jones
Colorado State University
Lucas Joppa
Microsoft Research Ltd.
Piyali Kundu
Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)
Eliot Levine
Mercy Corps
Yuta Masuda
The Nature Conservancy
Madeleine McKinnon
Conservation International
Daniel C. Miller
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign
Andrew S. Pullin
Bangor University
Pushpendra Rana
University of Illinois, Urbana Champaign
Dilys Roe
International Institute for Environment and Development
Ray Shah
Think Design, LLC
Birte Snilstveit
International Initiative for Impact Evaluation
William J. Sutherland
University of Cambridge
David Wilkie
Wildlife Conservation Society
Supin Wongbusarakum
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA)
Emily Woodhouse
University College London
Dawn Wright
Environmental Systems Research Institute (ESRI)


  1. Journal Article / 2016

    Does the social equitability of community and incentive based conservation interventions in non-OECD countries, affect human well-being? A systematic review protocol

  2. Journal Article / 2021

    Keep a Human in the Machine and Other Lessons Learned from Deploying and Maintaining Colandr

  3. Presentations / 2016

    Collaboration for Environmental Evidence Symposium presentation

  4. Presentations / 2016

    Evidence map and ongoing work presentation

  5. Report or White Paper / 2017

    Mapping the evidence: Effectiveness of international wildlife trade practices and policies

  6. Journal Article / 2018

    Using machine learning to advance synthesis and use of conservation and environmental evidence

  7. Journal Article / 2020

    Strengthen causal models for better conservation outcomes for human well-being

  8. Presentations / Unknown

    Systematic map on conservation and human well-being impacts

  9. Journal Article / 2015

    Map the evidence

  10. Journal Article / 2016

    What are the effects of nature conservation on human well-being? A systematic map of empirical evidence from developing countries

  11. Presentations / Unknown

    American Association of Geographers presentation